Phylogeny of the Ants: Diversification in the Age of Angiosperms

  title={Phylogeny of the Ants: Diversification in the Age of Angiosperms},
  author={Corrie S. Moreau and Charles D. Bell and Roger Vil{\`a} and S. Bruce Archibald and Naomi E. Pierce},
  pages={101 - 104}
Key ResultWe present a large-scale molecular phylogeny of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), based on 4.5 kilobases of sequence data from six gene regions extracted from 139 of the 288 described extant genera, representing 19 of the 20 subfamilies. All but two subfamilies are recovered as monophyletic.

The Phylogeny and Evolution of Ants

Ant evolutionary history has been propelled by the use of molecular phylogenetic methods, in conjunction with a rich (and still growing) fossil record, and heterogeneity in evolutionary rates and base composition among ant lineages must be given careful consideration.

Molecular Phylogeny of the Ant Subfamily Formicinae (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) from China Based on Mitochondrial Genes

A phylogenetic study of Chinese Formicine ants based on three mitochondria genes was conducted, finding strong evidence for Polyrhachis paracamponota to be corrected as Camponotus based on molecular, morphological and behavioral data.

Additions to the taxonomy of the armadillo ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Tatuidris)

The taxonomy of the rare ant genus Tatuidris is revised by studying morphological variability among 118 specimens from 52 collection events in 11 countries, and sequences of Cytochrome Oxidase 1 (CO1 ‘DNA barcodes’) of 28 specimens from 13 localities in 6 countries, suggesting the presence of a single species undergoing allopatric differentiation.

Molecular phylogenetics of ponerine ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Ponerinae).

The results fail to support the predictions of the "dynastic-succession hypothesis" previously developed to explain the high species diversity of Ponerinae, but suggest that ponerine evolution was marked by regionalized radiations and frequent faunal exchange between major biogeographic provinces.

Fossil ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): ancient diversity and the rise of modern lineages

The ant fossil record is summarized with special re ference to the earliest ants, first occurrences of modern lineages, and the utility of paleontological data in reconstructi ng evolutionary

Phylogeny, classification, and species-level taxonomy of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)*

Progress in this area of ant systematics will require sustained individual efforts, expansion of job opportunities, enlistment of new technologies, and a deeper understanding of the nature of ant species and the differences between them.

Fossil Ponerinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Early Eocene amber of France

The two best-preserved morphotypes are described: a possible ergatoid queen representing the earliest known occurrence of the extant genus Platythyrea Roger, and a male morphotype related to the equivocal, paraphyletic genus Pachycondyla Smith, thus described herein but not formally assigned to genus until the male-based taxonomy of Ponerinae is better established.

A revision of the giant amazonian ants of the genus dinoponera (hymenoptera, formicidae)

A new species Dinoponera hispida from Tucurui, Para, Brazil and Dinop onera snellingi from Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil are described and the male of DinopOnera longipes Emery 1901 is described.

Biogeography and diversification of the Pacific ant genus Lordomyrma Emery

This study addresses the origins of terrestrial biodiversity of the Fijian islands using the ant genus Lordomyrma as a model system, derive the evolution of the genus and determine its closest extra‐Fijian relatives from geological data, molecular phylogenetic reconstruction and divergence estimates.

New fossil ants in French Cretaceous amber (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)

A new sphecomyrmine ant, allied to the Burmese amber genus Haidomyrmex, is described from mid-Cretaceous amber of France and the diagnosis of the tribe HaidOMyrmecini is emended based on the new type material, which includes a gyne (alate female) and two incomplete workers.



The origin and early diversification of angiosperms

New palaeobotanical discoveries and phylogenetic analyses of morphological and molecular data have clarified the initial phases of this radiation and changed the perspective on early angiosperm evolution, though important issues remain unresolved.

The rise of the ants: a phylogenetic and ecological explanation.

  • E. WilsonB. Hölldobler
  • Environmental Science
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 2005
A history of major ecological adaptations at the subfamily level appears to have been a mid-Cretaceous initial radiation in forest ground litter and soil coincident with the rise of the angiosperms, followed by an expansion of some of the lineages, aided by changes in diet away from dependence on predation, upward into the canopy, and outward into more xeric environments.

"Inordinate Fondness" explained: why are there So many beetles?

  • Farrell
  • Biology, Environmental Science
  • 1998
Repeated origins of angiosperm-feeding beetle lineages are associated with enhanced rates of beetle diversification, indicating a series of adaptive radiations.

The internal phylogeny of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)

A reconstruction of the ground plan of the Formicidae indicated that the most specialized of all recent ants are the members of the subfamily Dorylinae and the least specialized ones are the monotypic Apomyrminae.

Phylogeny and biogeography of the ant subfamily Myrmeciinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)

The myrmeciine ants appear to be a formerly widespread group that retained many ancestral formicid characteristics and that became extinct everywhere except in the Australian region, supporting the contention that many of the major lineages of ants arose at around the same time during a bout of diversification in the middle or late Cretaceous.

Higher classification of the ant subfamilies Aneuretinae, Dolichoderinae and Formicinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)

Abstract. An analysis of the cladistic relationships among the ant subfamilies Aneuretinae, Dolichoderinae and Formicinae demonstrates the monophyly of these three subfamilies, and places

Molecular Evidence for a Jurassic Origin of Ants

This review estimates the time of origin of the ant family using the divergences between mitochondrial DNA sequences from ants of six subfamilies and a vespid wasp to place the ants in the early Jurassic, at least 70 Ma earlier than recorded by fossils.

Ferns diversified in the shadow of angiosperms

It is shown that polypod ferns (> 80% of living fern species) diversified in the Cretaceous, after angiosperms, suggesting perhaps an ecological opportunistic response to the diversification of angios perms, as angiosPerms came to dominate terrestrial ecosystems.