Phylogeny of earwigs (Insecta: Dermaptera) based on molecular and morphological evidence: reconsidering the classification of Dermaptera

  title={Phylogeny of earwigs (Insecta: Dermaptera) based on molecular and morphological evidence: reconsidering the classification of Dermaptera},
  author={Karl J Jarvis and Fabian B. Haas and Michael Whiting},
  journal={Systematic Entomology},
Abstract.  Dermaptera (earwigs) is a cosmopolitan order of insects, the phylogenetic relationships of which are poorly understood. The phylogeny of Dermaptera was inferred from large subunit ribosomal (28S), small subunit ribosomal (18S), histone‐3 (H3) nuclear DNA sequences, and forty‐three morphological characters. Sequence data were collected for thirty‐two earwig exemplar taxa representing eight families in two suborders: Hemimeridae (suborder Hemimerina); Pygidicranidae, Anisolabididae… 
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Genital morphology and mating behaviour of Allostethus (Dermaptera), an earwig genus of enigmatic phylogenetic position
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These relationships based on a new transcriptome data matrix covering almost all polyneopteran orders, except for Mantophasmatodea, Grylloblattodea and Mantodea support a monophyletic Polyneoptera, corroborating previous findings and rejecting the paraphyletic lower neopteran group suggested by various morphological characters and rRNA gene analyses.
When the Body Hides the Ancestry: Phylogeny of Morphologically Modified Epizoic Earwigs Based on Molecular Evidence
The results demonstrate the potential for rapid and substantial macroevolutionary changes at the morphological level as related to adaptive evolution, in this case linked to the utilization of a novel trophic niche based on an epizoic life strategy and indicate that the evolutionary consequences of the transition to an ectoparazitic mode of living have biased previous morphology-based hypotheses regarding the phylogeny of this insect group.
Phylogenetic analysis of the minute brown scavenger beetles (Coleoptera: Latridiidae), and recognition of a new beetle family, Akalyptoischiidae fam.n. (Coleoptera: Cucujoidea)
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A multigene molecular phylogeny of extant Zoraptera was conducted and critically re-evaluated their morphological characters in order to propose a natural infraordinal classification, which recovered a highly-resolved phylogeny with two main clades representing major evolutionary lineages in Zorapters.
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The ancestral predatory condition as generalist hunting is reconstructed, with three independent shifts to cursorial hunting and one shift to ambush hunting, associated with the largest radiation of mantid species.
Dermaptera hindwing structure and folding: New evidence for familial, ordinal and superordinal relationships within Neoptera (Insecta)
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Setting the Molecular Phylogenetic Framework for the Dermaptera
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The phylogeny of the Forficulina, a suborder of the Dermaptera
The phylogeny of the Forficulina (Dermaptera) has been reassessed, examining forty‐eight species and thirty characters, of which thirteen characters of the thorax and wings are described or used for
The Phylogeny of the Extant Hexapod Orders
A well‐resolved and robust cladogram of ordinal relationships is produced with the topology of crustacea.
Mecoptera is paraphyletic: multiple genes and phylogeny of Mecoptera and Siphonaptera
Phylogenetic analyses of DNA sequence data support a paraphyletic Mecoptera with two major lineages: Nannochoristidae + (Siphonaptera + Boreidae) and Meropidae + ((Choristollaidea + Apteropanorpidae) (Panorpidae + Bittacidae))).
Dermapteran life-history evolution and phylogeny with special reference to the Forficulidae family
A first molecular phylogeny based on the mitochondrial 16S rRNA partial sequence supports the monophyly of Dermaptera and reveals that the reduction to semelparity is not due to a unique evolutionary event, but occurred at least three times in the Forficulidae family in connection with a colonization of subalpine regions.
Mantophasmatodea: A New Insect Order with Extant Members in the Afrotropics
A new insect order, Mantophasmatodea, is described on the basis of museum specimens of a new genus with two species: Mantophasma zephyra gen. et sp. nov. (one female from Namibia) and M. subsolana
  • J. Kamp
  • Biology
    The Canadian Entomologist
  • 1973
The dendrograms suggest that the Blattaria and Mantodea show a relationship closer than the present subordinal rank permits and the Grylloblattodea and Dermaptera form a remote complex from the other orthopteroids and each qualifies as a separate order.
Multiple sources of character information and the phylogeny of Hawaiian drosophilids.
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