Phylogeny of Maculinea blues (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) based on morphological and ecological characters: evolution of parasitic myrmecophily

@article{Pech2004PhylogenyOM,
  title={Phylogeny of Maculinea blues (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) based on morphological and ecological characters: evolution of parasitic myrmecophily},
  author={Pavel Pech and Zdeněk Falt{\'y}nek Fric and Martin Konvi{\vc}ka and Jan Zrzavy},
  journal={Cladistics},
  year={2004},
  volume={20}
}
A phylogeny of blue butterflies of the genus Maculinea and related genera (Lycaenidae) is proposed, based on 91 morphological and ecological characters. The resulting tree shows that: (1) Phengaris is a derived group nested within Maculinea; (2) the Maculinea‐Phengaris clade is probably nested within Glaucopsyche; (3) there are three well supported groups within the Maculinea‐Phengaris clade: (alcon group ((teleius group) (arion‐Phengaris group))). Some species (M. alcon, M. arionides) appear… Expand
Phylogeny and classification of the Phengaris–Maculinea clade (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae): total evidence and phylogenetic species concepts
TLDR
Application of the diagnostic and monophyletic ‘phylogenetic’ species concepts leads to species‐level reclassification, including ten species (P.n. including ‘P. rebeli’, P. nausithous and P. teleius) and one unresolved metaspecies (‘P cyanecula’ comb.n.) in four monophyleteic species groups. Expand
A phylogenetic revision of the Glaucopsyche section (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae), with special focus on the Phengaris-Maculinea clade.
TLDR
A clear pattern is found between the clades recovered in the Glaucopsyche section phylogeny and their food-plant associations, with only the Phengaris-Maculinea clade utilising more than one plant family. Expand
Species-specificity of the Phengaris (Maculinea) : Myrmica host system: fact or myth? (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae; Hymenoptera: Formicidae)
TLDR
It is concluded that both species-specificity and local specificity of the Phengaris - Myrmica relationships are poorly supported at present. Expand
Differences in the development of the closely related myrmecophilous butterflies Maculinea alcon and M. rebeli (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae)
TLDR
Neither population group is transferable between habitats and should still be regarded, at least, as distinct conservational units. Expand
Maculinea alcon and M. rebeli (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) - one or two Alcon Blues? Larval cuticular compounds and egg morphology of East Austrian populations
TLDR
The long-running dispute whether the two taxa have to be regarded conspecific is approached by applying two established methods of insect systematics to East Austrian populations to agree with recent investigations on adult morphology, DNA sequences and allozymes that M alcon and M rebeli are less differentiated than expected for full species. Expand
Phylogeny of extant nephilid orb‐weaving spiders (Araneae, Nephilidae): testing morphological and ethological homologies
TLDR
This work synthesizes the available data for the genera Nephila, Nephilengys, Herennia and Clitaetra to produce the first species level phylogeny of the Nephilidae, finding that nephilid genital morphologies coevolve with sexual behaviors and extreme sexual size dimorphism. Expand
The genetic structure of phenologically differentiated Large Blue (Maculinea arion) populations (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) in the Carpathian Basin
TLDR
It is concluded that the "spring" and "summer arion" could not be considered as separate ESUs, although they could attribute conservation value to both forms on the basis of their phenological differentiation and habitat use. Expand
Is Manica rubida (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) a potential host of the Maculinea alcon (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) group?
TLDR
Results suggest that M. rubida could potentially act as a host for Maculinea caterpillars, although whether any local populations have evolved to specialise on this potential host remains to be demonstrated in the fields. Expand
Pattern of genetic differentiation in the Maculinea alcon species group (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae) in Central Europe
TLDR
The results indicated that the geographic pattern was slightly more expressed in the between sample variation compared with the species pattern of it, which seems to contradict with the conventional taxonomical subdivision. Expand
Ant-associates of Palaearctic lycaenid butterfly larvae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae; Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) - a review
TLDR
The recorded diversity of butterfly-ant associations has slightly increased due to the improved data-base, including the addition of six ant genera previously not reported as tending Palaearctic lycaenids. Expand
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