Phylogeny and polyphasic taxonomy of Caulobacter species. Proposal of Maricaulis gen. nov. with Maricaulis maris (Poindexter) comb. nov. as the type species, and emended description of the genera Brevundimonas and Caulobacter.

@article{Abraham1999PhylogenyAP,
  title={Phylogeny and polyphasic taxonomy of Caulobacter species. Proposal of Maricaulis gen. nov. with Maricaulis maris (Poindexter) comb. nov. as the type species, and emended description of the genera Brevundimonas and Caulobacter.},
  author={Wolf-Rainer Abraham and Carsten Str{\"o}mpl and Holger Meyer and Sabine Lindholst and Edward R. B. Moore and Ruprecht Christ and Marc Vancanneyt and Brian J. Tindall and Antonio Bennasar and John Smit and Michael Tesar},
  journal={International journal of systematic bacteriology},
  year={1999},
  volume={49 Pt 3},
  pages={
          1053-73
        }
}
The genus Caulobacter is composed of prosthecate bacteria often specialized for oligotrophic environments. The taxonomy of Caulobacter has relied primarily upon morphological criteria: a strain that visually appeared to be a member of the Caulobacter has generally been called one without challenge. A polyphasic approach, comprising 16S rDNA sequencing, profiling restriction fragments of 16S-23S rDNA interspacer regions, lipid analysis, immunological profiling and salt tolerance… 
Phylogeny by a polyphasic approach of the order Caulobacterales, proposal of Caulobacter mirabilis sp. nov., Phenylobacterium haematophilum sp. nov. and Phenylobacterium conjunctum sp. nov., and emendation of the genus Phenylobacterium.
TLDR
Three strains of Gram-negative, rod-shaped, non-spore-forming bacteria were isolated from fresh water and human blood and represent novel species, for which the names Caulobacter mirabilis sp.
Terricaulis silvestris gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel prosthecate, budding member of the family Caulobacteraceae isolated from forest soil.
TLDR
Strain 0127_4T was isolated from forest soil in Baden Württemberg and determined to be the first representative of the family Caulobacteraceae which divided by budding, representing a novel species of a new genus, Terricaulis silvestris gen. nov.
Brevundimonas naejangsanensis sp. nov., a proteolytic bacterium isolated from soil, and reclassification of Mycoplana bullata into the genus Brevundimonas as Brevundimonas bullata comb. nov.
TLDR
On the basis of phenotypic, phylogenetic and genetic data, strain BIO-TAS2-2(T) is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Brevundimonas, for which the name Brevondimonas naejangsanensis sp.
Determination of the systematic position of the genus Asticcacaulis Poindexter by a polyphasic analysis.
TLDR
From the analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequences, a close phylogenetic relationship between the species that comprise the genera Asticcacaulis, Caulobacter and Brevundimonas could be deduced wherein the three genera form three distinct branches.
Phylogeny of Maricaulis Abraham et al. 1999 and proposal of Maricaulis virginensis sp. nov., M. parjimensis sp. nov., M. washingtonensis sp. nov. and M. salignorans sp. nov.
TLDR
Four novel species of marine bacteria isolated from different locations differ in their temperature and salt tolerances and can be differentiated by their polar lipids and fatty acid patterns, as well as their ITS1 and 16S rRNA gene sequences.
Robiginitomaculum antarcticum gen. nov., sp. nov., a member of the family Hyphomonadaceae, from Antarctic seawater.
TLDR
From the taxonomic evidence collected in this study, it is suggested that strain IMCC3195T represents a new genus and novel species in the family Hyphomonadaceae, for which the name Robiginitomaculum antarcticum gen. nov. is proposed.
Evaluation of the taxonomic diversity of prosthecate bacteria belonging to the genera Brevundimonas and Caulobacter isolated from various eurasian ecosystems by analysis of the 16S rRNA genes
TLDR
A taxonomic study of 35 cultures of prosthecate bacteria of the genera Brevundimonas and Caulobacter isolated from various soil and aquatic ecosystems of Eurasia was performed by amplified ribosomal DNA restriction analysis (ARDRA) and 16S rRNA gene sequencing; at least two new species belonging to the genus Brevondimonas were found.
Caulobacter rhizosphaerae sp. nov., a stalked bacterium isolated from rhizosphere soil.
TLDR
Based on unique phenotypic traits, and phylogenetic, chemotaxonomic and DNA-DNA hybridization results, strain 7F14T should be classified as a representative of a novel species of the genus Caulobacter, for which the name CaulOBacter rhizosphaerae sp.
Phylogenetic relationships of the genera Stella, Labrys and Angulomicrobium within the 'Alphaproteobacteria' and description of Angulomicrobium amanitiforme sp. nov.
TLDR
Polar lipids and 16S rRNA genes of the type strains of the two species in the genus Stella, Stella humosa DSM 5900(T) and Stella vacuolata DSM 5901(T), are studied, and the position of the genus Angulomicrobium in the family Hyphomicrobiaceae was confirmed.
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References

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Classification of Pseudomonas diminuta Leifson and Hugh 1954 and Pseudomonas vesicularis Büsing, Döll, and Freytag 1953 in Brevundimonas gen. nov. as Brevundimonas diminuta comb. nov. and Brevundimonas vesicularis comb. nov., respectively.
TLDR
The results of DNA-rRNA hybridization studies indicated that these two species belong to a separate genus in the alpha subclass (rRNA superfamily IV) of the Proteobacteria, for which the name Brevundimonas is proposed.
The phylogeny of marine and freshwater caulobacters reflects their habitat
TLDR
Overall, the data are consistent with the interpretation that all of the caulobacters examined, with the possible exception of C. subvibrioides, are ancestrally related, albeit anciently, and that most often division by terrestrial and marine habitats corresponds to an early evolutionary divergence within the genus.
Recharacterization and Emended Description of the Genus Mycoplana and Description of Two New Species, Mycoplana ramosa and Mycoplana segnis
TLDR
Four groups of Mycoplana strains were divided into four groups, on the basis of DNA base composition, major hydroxy fatty acid composition, mucosity of colonies, acid production from sugars, and utilization of carbon compounds, supported by the results of DNA-DNA homology experiments.
Reassessment of the phylogenetic position of Caulobacter subvibrioides.
TLDR
Determination of the 16S rRNA gene sequence of C. subvibrioides ATCC 15264T confirmed that this species is a member of the alpha subclass of the Proteobacteria and showed that it is phylogenetically most closely related to the Caulobacter group comprising the species CaulOBacter crescentus, and Brevundimonas (Pseudomonas) diminuta.
Polyphasic taxonomy, a consensus approach to bacterial systematics.
TLDR
In this review, the practice of polyphasic taxonomy is discussed for four groups of bacteria chosen for their relevance, complexity, or both: the genera Xanthomonas and Campylobacter, the lactic acid bacteria, and the family Comamonadaceae.
Phylogenetic analysis of the family Rhizobiaceae and related bacteria by sequencing of 16S rRNA gene using PCR and DNA sequencer.
TLDR
The family Rhizobiaceae should be redefined including the above-mentioned genera despite the ability for plant association and nitrogen fixation.
Recommendations for revision of the taxonomic treatment of stalked bacteria
TLDR
It is recommended here that two families of stalked bacteria be recognized: Caulobacteraceae, to comprise bacteria whose stalk is an integral part of the cell, and Gallionellaceae,to comprise bacteriawhose stalk is a secreted structure.
Characterization of caulobacters isolated from wastewater treatment systems.
TLDR
Although the strains were distinguishable, caulobacters from the wastewater treatment systems the authors examined were relatively homogenous, were similar to characterized laboratory strains, and, with exceptions, could probably be reliably detected as a group by gene probes derived from C. crescentus strains.
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