Phylogeny and biogeography of Maclura (Moraceae) and the origin of an anachronistic fruit.

@article{Gardner2017PhylogenyAB,
  title={Phylogeny and biogeography of Maclura (Moraceae) and the origin of an anachronistic fruit.},
  author={E. Gardner and Paya Sarraf and E. Williams and N. Zerega},
  journal={Molecular phylogenetics and evolution},
  year={2017},
  volume={117},
  pages={
          49-59
        }
}
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Maclura (ca. 12spp., Moraceae) is a widespread genus of trees and woody climbers found on five continents. Maclura pomifera, the Osage orange, is considered a classic example of an anachronistic fruit. Native to the central USA, the grapefruit-sized Osage oranges are unpalatable and have no known extant native dispersers, leading to speculation that the fruits were adapted to extinct megafauna. Our aim was to reconstruct the phylogeny, estimate divergence dates, and infer… Expand
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The generic name remembers William Maclure (1763-1840), a very successful merchant in Scotland who used his fortune to become a respected scientist in the USA. Without any formal training as aExpand
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