Phylogenetics of Eurasian plums, Prunus L. section Prunus (Rosaceae), according to coding and non-coding chloroplast DNA sequences

@article{Reales2009PhylogeneticsOE,
  title={Phylogenetics of Eurasian plums, Prunus L. section Prunus (Rosaceae), according to coding and non-coding chloroplast DNA sequences},
  author={Antonio Reales and Daniel James Sargent and Kenneth R. Tobutt and Diego Rivera},
  journal={Tree Genetics \& Genomes},
  year={2009},
  volume={6},
  pages={37-45}
}
The genus Prunus contains the subgenus Prunus incorporating the European plums (section Prunus), the North American plums (section Prunocerasus) and the apricots (section Armeniaca). In section Prunus, there are approximately 20 species, which occur in three levels of ploidy, diploid $$ \left( {2n = 2x = 16} \right) $$, tetraploid $$ \left( {2n = 4x = 32} \right) $$ and hexaploid $$ \left( {2n = 6x = 48} \right) $$. Despite a clear distinction between section Prunus and the other sections… 

The genetic relationship and structure of some natural interspecific hybrids in Prunus subgenus Prunophora, based on nuclear and chloroplast simple sequence repeats

The results will be useful for clarifying the problems in the botanical classification, and facilitate the conservation and management of plum and apricot genetic resources in the Chinese National Germplasm Repository for Plums and Apricots.

Phylogeny and classification of Prunus sensu lato (Rosaceae).

Punus s.l. is classified as a broad-sensed genus, Prunus, and three subgenera corresponding to the three main clades are recognised: subgenus Padus, sub genus Cerasus and subgenu PrunUS.

Genetic diversity and population structure analyses in the Alpine plum (Prunus brigantina Vill.) confirm its affiliation to the Armeniaca section

The results of this study confirm the classification of P. brigantina within the Armeniaca section and reveal the existence of three genetically differentiated clusters, endemic to three geographical regions in the Alps, which will be important for in situ conservation measures.

Genetic diversity and population structure analyses in the Alpine plum (Prunus brigantina Vill.) confirm its affiliation to the Armeniaca section

The results of this study confirm the classification of P. brigantina within the Armeniaca section and reveal the existence of three genetically differentiated clusters, endemic to three geographical regions in the Alps, which will be important for in situ conservation measures.

Variabilidad interspecífica de duraznos (Prunus pérsica L. Batsch.) y ciruelos (Prunus domestica) usando RAMs

The RAMs technique showed to be a useful tool for assessing genetic diversity in deciduous fruit, discriminate the materials into three groups and identify the high degree of consanguinity between different Prunus species which should be exploited in hybridization strategies looking for obtaining new and improved materials.

Morphology, DNA Phylogeny, and Pathogenicity of Wilsonomyces carpophilus Isolate Causing Shot-Hole Disease of Prunus divaricata and Prunus armeniaca in Wild-Fruit Forest of Western Tianshan Mountains, China

Based on morphological and cultural characteristics and multilocus analysis using the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region, partial large subunit (LSU) nuclear ribosomal RNA (nrRNA) gene, and the translation elongation factor 1-alpha (tef1) genes, the fungus was identified as Wilsonomyces carpophilus.

Genetic characterization of worldwide Prunus domestica (plum) germplasm using sequence-based genotyping

Overall, the cultivated plums harbored a low level of genetic diversity, suggestive of repeated inbreeding from a small number of founder plants, and may have been a product of inter-specific cross breeding and artificial selection by early agrarian Eurasian societies.

Genetic assessment of the pomological classification of plum Prunus domestica L. accessions sampled across Europe

A Bayesian analysis of genetic structure, as well as a discriminant analysis of principal components (DAPC), further revealed levels of similarity among and within the different pomological groups, suggesting that egg plums sensu lato (E) and greengages (G) can be referred to subsp.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 39 REFERENCES

Addressing the "hardest puzzle in American pomology:" Phylogeny of Prunus sect. Prunocerasus (Rosaceae) based on seven noncoding chloroplast DNA regions.

Prunus subg. Prunus sect. Prunocerasus (Rosaceae) is a North American taxon with 17 commonly recognized taxa. To test the hypothesis of monophyly for the section we sequenced the trnG and rpL16

Phylogeny and Systematics of Prunus (Rosaceae) as Determined by Sequence Analysis of ITS and the Chloroplast trnL-trnF Spacer DNA

The objective of this study was to reconstruct the phylogeny of Prunus with the purpose of reviewing previously described taxonomic relationships and providing a basis for studies of morphological evolution in the genus.

Phylogenetic relationships in Rosaceae inferred from chloroplast matK and trnL-trnF nucleotide sequence data

Three main lineages appear to have diverged early in the evolution of the Rosaceae family: 1) Rosoideae sensu stricto, including taxa with a base chromosome number of 7; 2) actinorhizal Rosaceae, a group of taxa that engage in symbiotic nitrogen fixation; and 3) the rest of the family.

Phylogenetic Relationships Among Species of Fragaria (Rosaceae) Inferred from Non-coding Nuclear and Chloroplast DNA Sequences

Abstract Phylogenetic relationships among 43 accessions of Fragaria, representing 14 species, and one accession of the outgroup Potentilla fruticosa, were assessed using nucleotide sequence data from

A phylogenetic analysis of Prunus and the Amygdaloideae (Rosaceae) using ITS sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA.

The analyses suggest two major groups within the Amygdaloideae: PRUNUS: s.l. (sensu lato) and MADDENIA:, and (2) EXOCHORDA:, Oemleria, and PRINSEPIA: The ITS phylogeny supports the recent treatment of including EXO CHORDA: (formerly in the Spiraeoideae) in the Amydraesideae.

Population genetic analysis of European Prunus spinosa (Rosaceae) using chloroplast DNA markers.

Haplotype diversity was higher in southern Europe than in northern Europe, indicating probable localization of glacial refugia inSouthern Europe and incongruency between the phylogeny of haplotypes and their geographic locations.

Phylogenetic systematics of the tribe Millettieae (Leguminosae) based on chloroplast trnK/matK sequences and its implications for evolutionary patterns in Papilionoideae.

Phylogenetic relationships in the tribe Millettieae and allies in the subfamily Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) were reconstructed from chloroplast trnK/matK sequences, suggesting that the presence of a pseudoraceme or pseudopanicle and the accumulation of nonprotein amino acids are phylogenetically informative for Milletties and allies with only a few exceptions.

The phylogenetic utility of nucleotide sequences of sorbitol 6-phosphate dehydrogenase in Prunus (Rosaceae).

Phylogenetic reconstruction of Prunus as determined by analysis of the combined data set suggests an early split into two clades, as a result of very short branches that may indicate rapid radiation.

Chloroplast DNA diversity within and among populations of the allotetraploid Prunus spinosa L.

Diversity was found within and among populations of Prunus spinosa sampled from seven European deciduous forests and high polymorphism in the cpDNA of P. spinosa has to be considered carefully when planning phylogenetic studies involving this species.

LOW LEVELS OF INTRASPECIFIC GENETIC VARIATION AT A RAPIDLY EVOLVING CHLOROPLAST DNA LOCUS IN NORTH AMERICAN DUCKWEEDS (LEMNACEAE)

Factors such as historical range expansions and contractions, founding effects, fluctuations in local population size, and natural selection may play a role in reducing cpDNA sequence variability in these species.