Phylogenetic structure of the prokaryotic domain: The primary kingdoms

@article{Woese1977PhylogeneticSO,
  title={Phylogenetic structure of the prokaryotic domain: The primary kingdoms},
  author={Carl R. Woese and George E. Fox},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
  year={1977},
  volume={74},
  pages={5088 - 5090}
}
  • C. Woese, G. Fox
  • Published 1977
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
A phylogenetic analysis based upon ribosomal RNA sequence characterization reveals that living systems represent one of three aboriginal lines of descent: (i) the eubacteria, comprising all typical bacteria; (ii) the archaebacteria, containing methanogenic bacteria; and (iii) the urkaryotes, now represented in the cytoplasmic component of eukaryotic cells. 

Tables and Topics from this paper

Paper Mentions

Interventional Clinical Trial
Malnutrition is an ever-present problem worldwide. It is estimated that over 18 million children under the age of 5 are affected by the most extreme form of undernutrition, severe… Expand
ConditionsSevere Acute Malnutrition
InterventionOther
The phylogeny of prokaryotes.
TLDR
A basic evolutionary dichotomy is suggested by the diversion of the archaebacteria and the eubacteria and possible inter-relationships of the former and eukaryotic organisms are discussed. Expand
Archaebakterien und Phylogenie der Organismen
The determination of the sequence similarity of the ribosomal 16S RNA of many bacteria and a few higher organisms has shown that the methanogenic, halophilic, and acido-thermophilic organisms areExpand
Archaebakterien und Phylogenie der Organismen
The determination of the sequence similarity of the ribosomal 16 S RNA of many bacteria and a few higher organisms has shown that the methanogenic, halophilic, and acido-thermophilic organisms areExpand
Whole-Genome Based Prokaryotic Branches of the Tree of Life
The recently proposed composition vector (CVTree) approach to prokaryotic phylogeny is whole-genome based, alignment-free and parameter-free. It supports the 16S rRNA analysis in many major and fineExpand
The Phylogenic Structure of the Metabacteria
Summary By comparing the nucleotide alignment of 5S rRNA sequences, we have constructed a phylogenic tree of 95 species of organisms, including a unique group of bacteria for which we previouslyExpand
Exploring prokaryotic diversity in the genomic era
Our understanding of prokaryote biology from study of pure cultures and genome sequencing has been limited by a pronounced sampling bias towards four bacterial phyla - Proteobacteria, Firmicutes,Expand
The Phylogenie Structure ofthe Metabaeteria
TLDR
Comparing the nucleotide alignment of 55 rRNA sequences constructed a phylogenietree of 95 species of organisms, including a unique group of bacteria for which a previous proposed the name "metabacteria", which indicates that the metabacteria are more related to eukaryotes than to eubacteria. Expand
Phylogeny and Biodiversity of Prokaryotes
TLDR
The impact of genomes on taxonomy and phylogeny is discussed and the largest categories, the techniques to define taxa, and the bibliographical conventions are described. Expand
Inferring the phylogeny of archaebacteria: The use of ribosomal sensitivity to protein-synthesis inhibitors
TLDR
Multivariate factor analysis by principal components, cluster analysis by the unweighted pair-group clustering algorithm, and compatibility and parsimony methods of constructing phylogenetic trees were used both to infer the genealogical relationships within archaebacteria and to establish their relations with the eubacterial and eukaryotic kingdoms. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 11 REFERENCES
Phylogenetic origin of the chloroplast and prokaryotic nature of its ribosomal RNA.
The 16S ribosomal RNA of the Euglena gracilis chloroplast has been characterized in terms of its two-dimensional electrophoretic "fingerprint" (T1 ribonuclease). Results show it to be a typicallyExpand
Phylogenetic Status of Sporosarcina ureae
TLDR
The phylogenetic position of Sporosarcina ureae was reexamined by “comparative cataloging” of its 16S ribosomal ribonucleic acid and it was concluded that S. Ureae is best classified as a member of the genus Bacillus in the same subgroup as is B. pasteurii. Expand
Homology of Ribosomal Ribonucleic Acid of Diverse Bacterial Species with Escherichia coli and Bacillus stearothermophilus
TLDR
Hybridization competition experiments were used to examine the ribosomal ribonucleic acid (rRNA) homologies of 22 bacteria and 3 higher organisms with Escherichia coli and Bacillus stearothermophilus, and the bacteria showed a wide range of homologies. Expand
Comparative Cataloging of 16S Ribosomal Ribonucleic Acid: Molecular Approach to Procaryotic Systematics
TLDR
A molecular approach to systematics is shown to give results in essential agreement with traditional techniques for this group of organisms, and appears well suited for higher order classification, an area which has been difficult to approach withTraditional techniques. Expand
Wheat embryo mitochondrial 18S ribosomal RNA: evidence for its prokaryotic nature.
TLDR
Compared with catalogs published for prokaryotic and chloroplast 16S rRNAs and to preliminary results for wheat cytosol 18S rRNA, results argue in favor of an endosymbiotic origin for mitochondria. Expand
Comparative ultrastructure of methanogenic bacteria.
TLDR
Electron-microscopic studies using thin sections revealed that methane-producing bacteria were an ultrastructurally diverse group, and methanogenic bacteria displayed a gram-positive cell wall that varied considerably among different cell types. Expand
Molecules as documents of evolutionary history.
TLDR
Different types of molecules are discussed in relation to their fitness for providing the basis for a molecular phylogeny, i.e. the different types of macromolecules that carry the genetic information or a very extensive translation thereof. Expand
Structure and methylation of coenzyme M(HSCH2CH2SO3).
TLDR
Coenzyme M is a recently discovered cofactor which is involved in methyl transfer reactions in Methanobacterium and evidence indicates that an active form of this cofactor is 2-mercaptoethanesulfonic acid which is methylated producing 2-(methylthio) ethanesulfonics acid. Expand
Isolation and Properties of a Fluorescent Compound, Factor420, from Methanobacterium Strain M.o.H
TLDR
A new fluorescent compound, factor(420) (F(420)), which is involved in the hydrogen metabolism of hydrogen-grown Methanobacterium strain M.o.H. has been isolated and purified and is proposed as a trivial name for the unknown fluorescent compound because of its strong absorption maximum of 420 nm at pH 7.3. Expand
Microbial formation of methane.
  • R. Wolfe
  • Chemistry, Medicine
  • Advances in microbial physiology
  • 1971
TLDR
This chapter discusses the microbial formation of methane, a unique biological event, which is confined to a small group of bacteria, and the biochemistry of methane formation. Expand
...
1
2
...