Phylogenetic revision of Rhineuridae (Reptilia: Squamata: Amphisbaenia) from the Eocene to Miocene of North America

@inproceedings{Hembree2007PhylogeneticRO,
  title={Phylogenetic revision of Rhineuridae (Reptilia: Squamata: Amphisbaenia) from the Eocene to Miocene of North America},
  author={Daniel I. Hembree},
  year={2007}
}
Abstraa.—This paper presents a cladistic analysis of morphological characters of Eocene—Miocene North American Amphisbaenia to resolve the phylogenetic relationships among the family Rhineuridae. All North American fossil amphisbaenians are placed within the family Rhineuridae as a result of this analysis. Five taxa previously afforded species rank including Jepsibaena minor, R. wilsoni, R. amblyceps, R minutus, and R. attenuatus are synonymized with Rhineurn hatchetii. In addition, Hyporhinu… 

Figures from this paper

Relict Endemism of Extant Rhineuridae (Amphisbaenia): Testing for Phylogenetic Niche Conservatism in the Fossil Record
TLDR
This work compares the species' current environmental preferences to paleoenvironmental data from the rhineurid fossil record, finding no evidence of PNC in modern R. floridana, and characterizes much of Amphisbaenia, emphasizing the relevance of the temporal and phylogenetic scale at which PNC is investigated.
The First Amphisbaenians from Texas, with Notes on Other Squamates from the Middle Eocene Purple Bench Locality
  • M. Stocker, E. Kirk
  • Environmental Science, Geography
    Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology
  • 2016
ABSTRACT The shift to a cooler and drier climate through the Paleogene has been interpreted as the driver for changes in diversity and biogeographic distributions among mammalian taxa during the
Pan-Amphisbaenia M. Kearney and K. de Queiroz, new clade name
TLDR
Pan-Amphisbaenia applies to the clade that includes Rhineuridae, Chthonophidae, Oligodontosauridae, Bipedidae, Blanidae, Cadeidae, Trogonophaceae, and Amphisbaeniidae, as well as all extinct taxa that are more closely related to them than to Teius, Tachydromus, and Lacerta.
Squamates from the Jurassic and Cretaceous of North America
  • R. Nydam
  • Geography, Environmental Science
    Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments
  • 2013
Squamates from the Mesozoic of North America have been collected since the end of the nineteenth century. To date, the fossils are known to occur in the Late Jurassic, Aptian-Albian, Cenomanian,
A new global palaeobiogeographical model for the late Mesozoic and early Tertiary.
TLDR
A new biogeographical model for late Mesozoic terrestrial ecosystems is proposed in which Europe and "Gondwanan" territories possessed a common Eurogondwanans fauna during the earliest Cretaceous, and tree reconciliation analyses (TRAs) were performed based onBiogeographical signals provided by a supertree of late Meszoic archosaurs.
Cretaceous roots of the amphisbaenian lizards
TLDR
The anatomy of Slavoia suggests that the reinforcement of the snout in amphisbaenian evolution preceded the elongation of the postorbital part of the skull, and that of the body, as well as modification of the limbs.
Evolution of postcranial skeleton in worm lizards inferred from its status in the Cretaceous stem-amphisbaenian Slavoia darevskii
TLDR
The skeleton of the oldest known stem-amphisbaenian Slavoia darevskii shows an incipient adaptation to the fossorial mode of life, expressed in the early stages of limb reduction and elongation of the trunk, typical aspects of modern worm lizards.
Non-anguimorph Lizards of the Late Oligocene and Early Miocene of Florida and Implications for the Reorganization of the North American Herpetofauna
TLDR
This paper presents a meta-modelling procedure called “spot-spot analysis” (“spot checking”) for estimating the number of cells in the response of the immune system to anthrax.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 43 REFERENCES
Convergent evolution and character correlation in burrowing reptiles: towards a resolution of squamate relationships
The affinities of three problematic groups of elongate, burrowing reptiles (amphisbaenians, dibamids and snakes) are reassessed through a phylogenetic analysis of all the major groups of squamates,
Molecular phylogenetics of squamata: the position of snakes, amphisbaenians, and dibamids, and the root of the squamate tree.
TLDR
A molecular phylogenetic study of 69 squamate species suggests that similar states in Sphenodon and Iguania result from homoplasy, and species previously placed in Scleroglossa, Varanoidea, and several other higher taxa do not form monophyletic groups.
Contributions to the Osteology of the Skull of the Amphisbaenidae
TLDR
The remarkable worm-like reptiles of the family Ampisbaenidae have long attracted the attention of naturalists, but there were only three articles dealing specifically with the skeleton of the amphisbaenids.
Amphibians and Reptiles from the Pleistocene (Illinoian) of Williston, Florida
TLDR
Vascularization of respiratory surfaces in Leiopelma hochstetteri Fitzinger and Xenopus laevis (Daudin) and Ambystoma mexicanum (Cope) in ontogeny is described.
Herpetology: An Introductory Biology of Amphibians and Reptiles
TLDR
The fourth edition of the textbook Herpetology covers the basic biology of amphibians and reptiles, with updates in nearly every conceptual area, and increased focus on conservation biology in herpetology while retaining solid content on organismal biology of reptiles and amphibians.
A New Burrowing Lizard from the Oligocene of Central Wyoming
While collecting for Geo. F. Sternberg during the latter part of the 1931 season, the writer was fortunate in collecting from the Oligocene of central Wyoming, a very fine, complete skull and lower
Repeated evolution of limblessness and digging heads in worm lizards revealed by DNA from old bones
  • M. Kearney, B. Stuart
  • Biology
    Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences
  • 2004
TLDR
A phylogenetic analysis of two nuclear genes obtained from both fresh tissues and museum specimens of worm lizards shows the limbless Rhineuridae to be the most basal lineage, whereas the limbed Bipedidae occupy a more derived position as the sister–taxon to a Trogonophidae–Amphisbaenidae clade.
Relative Success of Divergent Pathways in Amphisbaenian Specialization
  • C. Gans
  • Environmental Science
    The American Naturalist
  • 1968
TLDR
The present paper attempts to derive some generalities from the patterns observed in order to expose them to test, one of the outgrowths of a continuing study of the biology of burrowing reptiles supported by National Science Foundation grant GB 6521X.
The Importance of Fossils in Phylogeny Reconstruction
TLDR
It is widely believed that fossils are of fundamental importance in reconstructing phylogeny and "fossils provide the soundest basis for evolutionary classification", but it is often noted that conclusions are necessarily tenuous in their absence.
Eocene-Oligocene Climatic and Biotic Evolution
The transition from the Eocene to the Oligocene epoch was the most significant event in Earth history since the extinction of dinosaurs. As the first Antarctic ice sheets appeared, major extinctions
...
...