Phylogenetic relationships of three African swallowtail butterflies, Papilio dardanus, P.phorcas and P.constantinus: A cladistic analysis (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae)

@article{VaneWright1991PhylogeneticRO,
  title={Phylogenetic relationships of three African swallowtail butterflies, Papilio dardanus, P.phorcas and P.constantinus: A cladistic analysis (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae)},
  author={Richard I. Vane-Wright and Campbell R. Smith},
  journal={Systematic Entomology},
  year={1991},
  volume={16}
}
Abstract. The well‐known polymorphic mimetic African papilionid butterfly, Papilio dardanus Brown, is demonstrated by cladistic analysis to form a monophyletic group (the phorcas‐group) with two other African swallowtails, P.phorcas Cramer and P.constantinus Ward. Within this group, dardanus and phorcas are shown to be sister‐species, with constantinus as the stem. The supposed relationship of this group of three Rutaceae‐feeding species to the five members of the Canellaceae/Lauraceae‐feeding… 

Evolution of the mimetic African swallowtail butterfly Papilio dardanus: molecular data confirm relationships with P. phorcas and P. constantinus

Sister group relationships of the African Mocker Swallowtail were determined using mitochondrial 16S rRNA and Cytochrome B sequences, and nuclear Elongation Factor EF-la and the ITS-1 region of the ribosomal RNA locus, and support earlier morphological studies indicating that the only two African Papilio species with multiple female colour forms have a common ancestor not shared with any other living species.

蝶と蛾 Lepidoptera Science 68(2)

The phylogenetic relationships of African swallow-tail butterflies Papilio dardanus, P. nireus, and P. phorcas to Japanese papilionid butterflies were analyzed through DNA sequences of mitochondrial ND5, COI, and COII genes and Batesian mimicry in both sexes is paid attention to.

Phylogenetic relationships of three African swallowtail butterflies, Papilio dardanus, P.phorcas and P.constantinus: New data from hybrids (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae)

The principal object of the research was to obtain evidence regarding the evolutionary relationships of the three species, with particular reference to understanding the evolution of the mimetic patterns of P.dardanus.

Independent evolution of sexual dimorphism and female‐limited mimicry in swallowtail butterflies (Papilio dardanus and Papilio phorcas)

It is concluded that sexual dimorphism due to female polymorphism evolved independently in both species from monomorphic, nonmimetic states.

Phylogeny of the Neotropical moth tribe Josiini (Notodontidae: Dioptinae): a hidden case of Müllerian mimicry

A rare phenotype, longitudinal wing stripes, appears in two widely divergent clades, suggesting the evolution of Mullerian mimicry within the Josiini.

Occurrence and significance of natural hybrids between Papilio dardanus and P.phorcas (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae)

Five natural hybrids between the two species are documented, their significance is discussed, and further information requested.

A phylogenetic framework for wing pattern evolution in the mimetic Mocker Swallowtail Papilio dardanus

The nuclear genome shows less geographic structure and may not track recent population differentiation, suggesting that widespread mimicry morphs have arisen early in the evolution of the P. dardanus lineage, although after the male–female dimorphism which is ancestral.

Morphology of Foretarsal Ventral Surfaces of Japanese Papilio Butterflies and Relations Between These Morphology, Phylogeny and Hostplant Preferring Hierarchy

Abstract Foretarsal ventral surface observation of Japanese Papilio butterflies showed that the shapes of fifth foretarsi and numbers and localization of contact chemosensilla and spines in these

Interaction of process partitions in phylogenetic analysis: an example from the swallowtail butterfly genus Papilio.

Although the mitochondrial and nuclear data were not significantly incongruent, homoplasy in the fast-evolving mitochondrial data confounded the resolution of basal relationships in the combined unweighted parsimony analysis despite the fact that there was relatively strong support for the relationships inThe nuclear data.

Papilio phylogeny based on mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I and II genes.

These two protein coding genes, particularly COI, show excellent performance in resolving relationships at the level of species and species groups among Papilionidae and are strongly endorsed for future studies aimed at these levels.

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Phylogenetic relationships of three African swallowtail butterflies, Papilio dardanus, P.phorcas and P.constantinus: New data from hybrids (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae)

The principal object of the research was to obtain evidence regarding the evolutionary relationships of the three species, with particular reference to understanding the evolution of the mimetic patterns of P.dardanus.

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