Phylogenetic relationships of extant ferns based on evidence from morphology and rbcL sequences

@article{Pryer1995PhylogeneticRO,
  title={Phylogenetic relationships of extant ferns based on evidence from morphology and rbcL sequences},
  author={Kathleen M Pryer and Alan R. Smith and Judith E. Skog},
  journal={American Fern Journal},
  year={1995},
  volume={85},
  pages={205-205}
}
-We present the first cladistic analysis of extant ferns based on morphological characters. Our data set consisted of 77 vegetative and reproductive morphological/anatomical characters recorded on a broad sampling of 50 extant pteridophyte taxa, with representatives of all major fern groups, and one seed plant (Cycas). An annotated list of both retained and excluded morphological characters is presented. Results from the morphological analysis are compared with an independent analysis of rbcL… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Evaluation of atpB nucleotide sequences for phylogenetic studies of ferns and other pteridophytes.
  • P. Wolf
  • Biology
    American journal of botany
  • 1997
TLDR
The demonstrated utility of atpB suggests that sequences from this gene should play a role in phylogenetic analyses that incorporate data from chloroplast genes, nuclear genes, morphology, and fossil data.
Is Morphology Really at Odds with Molecules in Estimating Fern Phylogeny?
TLDR
Using a morphological dataset of 136 vegetative and reproductive characters, the tracheophyte phylogeny is infer with an emphasis on early divergences of ferns (monilophytes), and the same deep phylogenetic relationships are recovered as found in previous studies utilizing DNA sequence data.
Molecular Phylogeny of the Fern Family Dryopteridaceae Inferred from Chloroplast rbcL and atpB Genes
TLDR
This study identifies four major lineages within the Dryopteridaceae, each strongly supported as a monophyletic group, and shows two large genera, Dryopteris and Polystichum, are shown to be polyphyletic and need to be revised in the future.
Chloroplast phylogenomics resolves key relationships in ferns
TLDR
Chloroplast phylogenomics shows great potential in providing a framework for testing the impact of reticulate evolution in the early evolution of ferns, and has recent parallel advances in the phylogenetics using nuclear data.
Ordinal Phylogeny within the Hypnobryalean Pleurocarpous Mosses Inferred from Cladistic Analyses of Three Chloroplast DNA Sequence Data Sets: trnL-F, rps4, and rbcL
TLDR
Phylogenetic reconstructions based on molecular data emphasize the need for a re-examination of the taxonomic relevance of morphological characters and corroborate previous interpretations of sporophytic morphological similarities as multiple transitions to similar solutions to epiphytism among the pleurocarps.
Multigene phylogeny of land plants with special reference to bryophytes and the earliest land plants.
A widely held view of land plant relationships places liverworts as the first branch of the land plant tree, whereas some molecular analyses and a cladistic study of morphological characters indicate
Hierarchical Analysis of Allozymic and Morphometric Variation in a Montane Herb, Ipomopsis aggregata (Polemoniaceae)
TLDR
Sixteen new sequences of the chloroplast gene rbcL were used to assess evolutionary relationships in Dennstaedtiaceae, and the following phylogenetic patterns were evident from maximum parsimony and maximum likelihood analyses.
Phylogeny and divergence of Chinese Angiopteridaceae based on chloroplast DNA sequence data (rbcL and trnL-F)
TLDR
The phylogenetic trees revealed that all species of Angiopteris and ArchangiopterIS formed a monophyletic group with strong statistical support, but the relationship between the two genera remained unresolved based on individual sequence analysis.
Phylogenetic relationships of land plants using mitochondrial small-subunit rDNA sequences.
TLDR
This study represents the first use of mitochondrial 19S rDNA for phylogenetic purposes and it appears well-suited for examining intermediate to deep evolutionary relationships among embryophytes.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 129 REFERENCES
A Reevaluation of Seed Plant Phylogeny
TLDR
The results support the placement of the cycads as the sister group of a monophyletic group that includes several fossil «seed ferns» as well as extant Ginkgo, conifers, gnetopsids, and angiosperms.
Phylogenetics of seed plants : An analysis of nucleotide sequences from the plastid gene rbcL
TLDR
Two exploratory parsimony analyses of DNA sequences from 475 and 499 species of seed plants, respectively, representing all major taxonomic groups indicate that rbcL sequence variation contains historical evidence appropriate for phylogenetic analysis at this taxonomic level of sampling.
rbcL gene sequences provide evidence for the evolutionary lineages of leptosporangiate ferns.
TLDR
To compare competing classifications, DNA sequences of a chloroplast gene were obtained and phylogenetic trees were inferred by the neighbor-joining and the parsimony methods that provided insights concerning major general evolutionary trends in the leptosporangiate ferns.
Combining Data in Phylogenetic Systematics: An Empirical Approach Using Three Molecular Data Sets in the Solanaceae
TLDR
Data from sequences of two chloroplast DNA genes, ndhV and rbcL, and from restriction site mapping studies of the entire chloroplane genome were analyzed for the same set of 17 species of Solanaceae and the outgroup Ipomoea, finding the "X = 12" dade is the most well-supported dade within the family.
Phylogenetic analysis of green plant rbcL sequences.
  • J. Manhart
  • Biology
    Molecular phylogenetics and evolution
  • 1994
TLDR
The results indicate that rbcL sequences may be too divergent to test phylogenetic relationships among major groups of green plants and may be beneficial to include more taxa in subsequent analyses, but there are indications that historical extinctions will prevent adequate sampling of some groups, such as the bryophytes and fern allies.
A phylogenetic analysis of the land plants
TLDR
It is concluded that cladistic analysis presents the best estimate of die natural hierarchy of organisms, and should be adopted by plant systematists in their assessment of plant interrelationships.
A PHYLOGENETIC CLASSIFICATION OF THE HOMOSPOROUS FERNS
TLDR
A new scheme for the classification of the pteridophytes is presented here, based on the chromosome counts and details of prothallial morphology, spore morphology and anatomy, which are now known for a vast number of genera.
INTEGRATION OF MORPHOLOGICAL AND MOLECULAR DATA SETS IN ESTIMATING FUNGAL PHYLOGENIES
TLDR
Three tests are compared: a protocol described by Rodrigo et al., an adapted version of Faith's T-PTP test, and Kishino and Hasegawa's likelihood test, which were empirically evaluated to test for heterogeneity among data sets.
Cladistic analysis of molecular and morphological data.
  • B. Mishler
  • Biology
    American journal of physical anthropology
  • 1994
TLDR
Parsimony is to be preferred for synthetic, "total evidence" analyses because it appears to be a robust method, is applicable to all types of data, and has an explicit and interpretable evolutionary basis.
...
...