Corpus ID: 53311359

Phylogenetic relationships among modern birds (Neornithes): towards an avian tree of life

@inproceedings{Cracraft2004PhylogeneticRA,
  title={Phylogenetic relationships among modern birds (Neornithes): towards an avian tree of life},
  author={Joel Cracraft and F. Keith Barker and Michael J. Braun and John S. Harshman and Gareth J. Dyke and Julie Feinstein and S. E. Stanley and Alice Cibois and P. Schikle and Pamela Beresford and Jaime Garc{\'i}a-Moreno and Sorenson and Tamaki Yuri and David P. Mindell},
  year={2004}
}
Modem perceptions of the inonophyly of avian higher taxa {modern birds, Neomiihes) and their interrelationships are the legacy uf systematic work undertaken in the 19th century. Before Llie imroduttion of an evolutionary wo rid view by Charles Darwin in 1859, taxonomists clustered laxa into groups using similarities that reflected a vision of how God might have organized ilic world ai the time of Creation. Such was the case with the Quinerian system of avian classification devised by Macleay… Expand
Bird evolution: testing the Metaves clade with six new mitochondrial genomes
TLDR
The phylogenetic hypothesis based on 41 avian mitochondrial genomes rejects monophyly of seven Metaves species and it is concluded that the members of Metaves do not share a common evolutionary history within the Neoaves. Expand
Assessing the passerine "Tapestry": phylogenetic relationships of the Muscicapoidea inferred from nuclear DNA sequences.
TLDR
Nuclear DNA sequences confirm the monophyly of the "core muscicapoid" group, as defined by Barker et al. and support the sister-group relationship of the Sturnidae and Mimidae and the Old World flycatchers and robins, on the other. Expand
Molecular phylogeny of African bush-shrikes and allies: tracing the biogeographic history of an explosive radiation of corvoid birds.
TLDR
The phylogenetic analyses clarified the relationships of several genera and provide for the first time strong support for a sister-group relationship between core platysteirids and core vangids and provide new light on the origins of the Afrotropical avifauna. Expand
Evolution of modern birds revealed by mitogenomics: timing the radiation and origin of major orders.
TLDR
These analyses indicate that by improving the taxonomic sampling, complete mt genomes can solve the evolutionary relationships among major bird groups and support the choice of COX 1 among mt genes as target for developing DNA barcoding approaches in birds. Expand
Molecular Phylogenetics of the Wrens and Allies (Passeriformes: Certhioidea), with Comments on the Relationships of Ferminia
TLDR
The inferred relationships among certhioids and wrens support an Old World origin for these lineages, with dispersal of the New World clade in the mid-Miocene, suggesting expansion and early diversification of the lineage through North America. Expand
New candidate species most closely related to penguins.
TLDR
The complete mtDNA sequence of rockhopper penguins was determined and ciconiiform birds constitute new candidates as the closest extant relatives of penguins, giving evidence to some of ambiguous relationships in the avian tree. Expand
The contribution of fossils to the reconstruction of the higher- level phylogeny of birds
TLDR
The †Palaelodidae and †Plotopteridae display a mosaic of derived characters of penguins (Spheniscidae) and the Suloidea (boobies, gannets, cormorants, and anhingas), and gave rise to a novel hypothesis concerning the phylogenetic relationships of penguin. Expand
Affinities of Palaeospiza bella and the Phylogeny and Biogeography of Mousebirds (Coliiformes)
TLDR
It is shown that P. bella is a member of the Coliiformes (mousebirds) and represents the latest North American occurrence of a clade with an exclusively African extant distribution and Phylogenetic results imply that a minimum of three mousebird dispersals from Europe to North America occurred during the Early Cenozoic. Expand
The renaissance of avian paleontology and its bearing on the higher-level phylogeny of birds
  • G. Mayr
  • Biology
  • Journal of Ornithology
  • 2007
TLDR
A brief overview of some fossil “missing links” between extant higher avian groups, which combine derived characters of a certain taxon and plesiomorphic characters of its sister group are outlined. Expand
The evolutionary radiation of modern birds (Neornithes): reconciling molecules, morphology and the fossil record
TLDR
Current understanding of the early fossil history of Neornithes is highlighted in conjunction with available phylogenetic resolution for the major extant clades, as well as recent advancements in genetic methods that have constrained time estimates for major evolutionary divergences. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 65 REFERENCES
A phylogenetic analysis of the Gruiformes (Aves) based on morphological characters, with an emphasis on the rails (Rallidae).
TLDR
In the species–level analysis of modern Grues, special efforts were made to limit the analytical impacts of homoplasy related to flightlessness in a number of rallid lineages, and relationships among ‘crakes’ remain poorly resolved. Expand
Interordinal relationships of birds and other reptiles based on whole mitochondrial genomes.
TLDR
Support is found for a sister relationship between turtles and a bird/crocodilian clade, and for rejecting both the Haemothermia hypothesis and the placement of turtles as basal within the phylogenetic tree for amniote animals. Expand
The origin and early diversification of birds
Numerical cladistic analysis of 73 cranial and postcranial characters has resulted in a highly corroborated hypothesis describing the phylogenetic pattern of early avian evolution. Using “non-avianExpand
WHY ORNITHOLOGISTS SHOULD CARE ABOUT THE THEROPOD ORIGIN OF BIRDS
TLDR
G. Heilmann (1926) concluded that birds had evolved from ‘‘thecodonts’’—a polyphyletic garbage bag assemblage of early archosaurs, and his hypothesis was the basis of many scenarios. Expand
Complete mitochondrial DNA geonome sequences of extinct birds: ratite phylogenetics and the vicariance biogeography hypothesis
  • O. Haddrath, A. Baker
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences
  • 2001
TLDR
Most of the major ratite lineages fit the vicariance biogeography hypothesis, the exceptions being the ostrich and the kiwi, which require dispersal to explain their present distribution. Expand
Molecules vs. morphology in avian evolution: the case of the "pelecaniform" birds.
  • S. Hedges, C. G. Sibley
  • Medicine, Biology
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 1994
The traditional avian Order Pelecaniformes is composed of birds with all four toes connected by a web. This "totipalmate" condition is found in ca. 66 living species: 8 pelicans (Pelecanus), 9Expand
Taxon sampling and the phylogenetic position of Passeriformes: evidence from 916 avian cytochrome b sequences.
TLDR
A recent study of relationships among major avian lineages based on complete mitochondrial DNA sequences produced a striking result of a basal position for passerine birds (Aves: Passeriformes), placing them as sister to all other birds. Expand
Archaeopteryx and the origin of birds
TLDR
Analysis of the five presently known skeletal specimens of Archaeopteryx confirm the conclusions (long rejected by most subsequent workers) of Heilmann (1926), Lowe (1935, 1944, 1944) and Holmgren (1955), namely, that the skeletal anatomy of Archaeipteryx is extraordinarily similar to that of contemporaneous and succeeding coelurosaurian dinosaurs. Expand
The impact of parsimony weighting schemes on inferred relationships among toucans and neotropical barbets (Aves: piciformes).
TLDR
This study exploration of the similarities and differences between results from 22 character weighting schemes when applied to a study of barbet and toucan phylogenetic relationships finds some phylogenetic hypotheses were consistently supported despite the wide range of weights employed. Expand
THE STATUS OF AVIAN SYSTEMATICS AND ITS UNSOLVED PROBLEMS
BIOLOGISTS all over the world have devoted the year 1958 to the mernories of Darwin and Wallace. We ornithologists also should call to our attention the powerful impetus which we have received fromExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...