Phylogenetic reconstruction of the felidae using 16S rRNA and NADH-5 mitochondrial genes

  title={Phylogenetic reconstruction of the felidae using 16S rRNA and NADH-5 mitochondrial genes},
  author={Warren E. Johnson and Stephen J. O’Brien},
  journal={Journal of Molecular Evolution},
The Felidae family represents a challenge for molecular phylogenetic reconstruction because it consists of 38 living species that evolved from a relatively recent common ancestor (10–15 million years ago). We have determined mitochondrial DNA sequences from two genes that evolve at relatively rapid evolutionary rates, 16S rRNA (379 bp) and NADH dehydrogenase subunit 5 (NADH-5, 318 bp), from multiple individuals of 35 species. Based on separate and combined gene analyses using minimum evolution… 

Basal Clades and Molecular Systematics of Heteromyid Rodents

This study relies on DNA sequence information from 3 relatively slowly evolving mitochondrial genes, cytochrome c oxidase subunit I, 12S, and 16S, to examine basal patterns of phylogenesis in the Heteromyidae and presents a formal taxonomy of Heteromys wherein Liomys is placed in synonymy.

Complete mitochondrial genomes reveal phylogeny relationship and evolutionary history of the family Felidae.

The evolution of Felidae was reconstructed by phylogenetic analysis based on mitochondrial genome sequences, and the described method may be broadly applicable for phylogenetic analyses of anima taxa.

Deciphering evolutionary history of three Indian carnivore species: Phylogenetic analysis using cytochrome b gene sequence of mitochondrial DNA

In the present study cytochrome b gene sequence of mitochondrial DNA obtained from non invasive samples of Indian leopard, domestic dog, and domestic cat species were analysed and genetic relationships, genetic distance and ancestory, diversification and speciation events of these carnivore species were studied.

The complete mitochondrial genome structure of snow leopard Panthera uncia

The complete mitochondrial genome of snow leopard Panthera uncia was obtained by using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique based on the PCR fragments of 30 primers the authors designed, and the result indicated that P. uncia and P. leo were the sister species, which was different from the previous findings.

Mitogenomic analysis of the genus Panthera

The divergence event, evolutionary process, speciation, and distribution pattern of P. uncia, a species endemic to the central Asia with core habitats on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau and surrounding highlands, mostly correlated with the geological tectonic events and intensive climate shifts that happened at 8, 3.6, 2.5, and 1.7 MYA on the plateau during the late Cenozoic period.

Evolution of the Male-Determining Gene SRY Within the Cat Family Felidae

Comparative genomic analyses of SRY along with the adjacent noncoding 5′ flank and 3′ flank in 36 species of the cat family Felidae indicate that the nonc coding genomic flanks and SRY closely track species divergence, however, several inconsistencies are observed in SRY.

Small spotted bodies with multiple specific mitochondrial DNAs: existence of diverse and differentiated tigrina lineages or species (Leopardus spp: Felidae, Mammalia) throughout Latin America

Two sets of mitochondrial (mt) DNA data from tigrinas sampled in Costa Rica, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, northwestern and northeastern Argentina and southern Brazil revealed the existence of seven different tigrina-like haplogroups, which could represent, at least, 4–6 different tigrate species following the Phylogenetic Species Concept (PSC).

Phylogeny of the great cats (Felidae: Pantherinae), and the influence of fossil taxa and missing characters

  • P. Christiansen
  • Biology, Geography
    Cladistics : the international journal of the Willi Hennig Society
  • 2008
This study presents the results of a cladistic study encompassing 45 osteological and dental characters in the skull and mandible, as well as 13 soft‐tissue and behavioural characters, which show the clouded leopard is the most basal pantherine, followed by the snow leopard.



Molecular phylogeny of mitochondrial cytochrome b and 12S rRNA sequences in the Felidae: ocelot and domestic cat lineages.

Phylogenetic reconstruction supports more recent, intralineage associations but fails to completely resolve interlineage relationships, and implications of the relative recency of felid evolution, presence of ancestral polymorphisms, and influence of outgroups in placement of the topological root are discussed.

Molecular evolution of mitochondrial 12S RNA and cytochrome b sequences in the pantherine lineage of Felidae.

DNA sequence comparisons of two mitochondrial DNA genes were used to infer phylogenetic relationships among 17 Felidae species, notably 15 in the previously described pantherine lineage, and suggested the recognition of a recently evolved monophyletic genus Panthera.


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Tracking the evolution of the elusive Andean mountain cat (Oreailurus jacobita) from mitochondrial DNA.

It is suggested that the Andean mountain cat diverged from a common ancestor with the ocelot (Leopardus paradalis) and margay and exhibits moderate levels of genetic variation.

Phylogenetic reconstruction of South American felids defined by protein electrophoresis

The results suggest that modern South American felids are monophyletic and evolved rapidly after the formation of the Panama land bridge between North and South America.

Rates of nuclear and cytoplasmic mitochondrial DNA sequence divergence in mammals.

An empirical "selective retardation index" is computed to quantify the sum of all constraints, selective and otherwise, that limit sequence divergence of mitochondrial gene sequences over time.

Resolution of recent radiations within three evolutionary lineages of felidae using mitochondrial restriction fragment length polymorphism variation

Patterns of mitochondrial restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) variation were used to resolve more recent relationships among the species of the Felidae ocelot lineage, domestic cat

DNA hybridization evidence of hominoid phylogeny: Results from an expanded data set

An expanded data set totaling 514 DNA hybrids supports the branching order given above for the phylogeny of the hominoids, and the possible effects of differences in age at first breeding are discussed.

A Concern for Evidence and a Phylogenetic Hypothesis of Relationships among Epicrates (Boidae, Serpentes)

High levels of character congruence were observed among 89 biochemical and morphological synapomorphies scored on 10 species of Epicrates, and the consensus cladogram was consistent with the phylogenetic interpretation attached to the resulting hypothesis, which is a consensus of two equally parsimonious cladograms.

Complete nucleotide sequences of the domestic cat (Felis catus) mitochondrial genome and a transposed mtDNA tandem repeat (Numt) in the nuclear genome.

Phylogenetic analysis of mitochondrial gene sequences confirms the recent transfer of the cytoplasmic mtDNA sequences to the domestic cat nucleus and recapitulates evolutionary relationships between mammal species.