Phylogenetic lineages in the Botryosphaeriaceae

  title={Phylogenetic lineages in the Botryosphaeriaceae},
  author={Pedro W. Crous and Bernard Slippers and Michael J. Wingfield and John P. Rheeder and Walter F. O. Marasas and Al Philips and Artur Alves and Treena I. Burgess and Paul R. Barber and Johannes Z. Groenewald},
  journal={Studies in Mycology},
  pages={235 - 253}
Botryosphaeria is a species-rich genus with a cosmopolitan distribution, commonly associated with dieback and cankers of woody plants. As many as 18 anamorph genera have been associated with Botryosphaeria, most of which have been reduced to synonymy under Diplodia (conidia mostly ovoid, pigmented, thick-walled), or Fusicoccum (conidia mostly fusoid, hyaline, thin-walled). However, there are numerous conidial anamorphs having morphological characteristics intermediate between Diplodia and… 

Phylogeny of the Botryosphaeriaceae reveals patterns of host association.

Phylogenetic lineages in the Botryosphaeriales: a systematic and evolutionary framework

Molecular clock dating on radiations within the Botryosphaeriales suggests that the order originated in the Cretaceous period around 103 (45-188) mya, with most of the diversification in the Tertiary period.

Endomelanconiopsis, a new anamorph genus in the Botryosphaeriaceae

Phylogenetic analysis of partial sequences of LSU, ITS and translation elongation factor 1 alpha (tef1) indicate that E. endophytica is sister of E. microspora and that they are nested within the Botryosphaeriaceae, however because there is no support for the “backbone” of the Botriesphaeriacae the authors are not able to see the interrelationships among the many genera in the family.

Caulicolous Botryosphaeriales from Thailand

Four novel species are described, namely Diplodia neojuniperi from Juniperus chinensis, Lasiodiplodia thailandica from Mangifera indica, Pseudofusicoccum artocarpi and Aplosporellaceae from Artocarpus heterophyllus, while a sexual morph is also newly reported for L. gonubiensis.

Resolving the phylogenetic and taxonomic status of dark-spored teleomorph genera in the Botryosphaeriaceae

A multi-gene approach was used to resolve the correct phylogenetic position of the dark-spored ‘Botryosphaeria’ teleomorphs and related asexual species and Dothidotthiaceae is introduced to accommodate it.

Confronting the constraints of morphological taxonomy in the Botryosphaeriales

The extent of diversity of the Botryosphaeriales revealed in this and other recent studies is expected to reflect that of other undersampled regions and hosts, and illustrates the urgency to find more effective ways to describe species in this, and indeed other, groups of fungi.

Families, genera, and species of Botryosphaeriales.

Botryosphaeria species on Quercus spp. and other woody hosts: taxonomy and phylogeny

  • A. Alves
  • Biology, Environmental Science
  • 2006
The genus Botryosphaeria is well known by the species that cause disease in a wide range of plant hosts. The taxonomy of Botryosphaeria and associated anamorph genera as well as of the species has

Five New Species of the Botryosphaeriaceae from Acacia Karroo in South Africa

Five new species of the Botryosphaeriaceae are discovered on Acacia karroo, a commonly occurring native tree in southern Africa, suggesting they could be latent pathogens.

Diversity of Botryosphaeriaceae species associated with conifers in Portugal

The results indicate that Neofusicoccum species may be more important as pathogens of conifers than it was previously recognised and many new fungus-host associations were established.



Botryosphaeria species from Eucalyptus in Australia are pleoanamorphic, producing dichomera synanamorphs in culture.

In the present study, fungi were isolated from foliage and wood of Eucalyptus in native forests and plantations in Australia and although these fungi produced Dichomera anamorphs in culture, they clustered within the Fusicoccum clade of Botryosphaeria based on their ITS sequence data.

Lasiodiplodia gonubiensis sp. nov., a new Botryosphaeria anamorph from native Syzygium cordatum in South Africa

Compared with other species of Botryosphaeria using morphological characteristics and DNA sequence data of the rDNA internal transcribed spacers, ITS1 and ITS2, it is concluded that the isolates from S. cordatum represent an undescribed Lasiodiplodia sp.

Two new species of Botryosphaeria with brown, 1-septate ascospores and Dothiorella anamorphs.

Ph phylogenetically and morphologically the anamorphs of these two species belong in a genus distinct from any of the currently accepted anamorph genera assigned to Botryosphaeria, which is shown to be the teleomorph of Diplodia sarmentorum, which in turn is transferred to Dothiorella.

DNA phylogeny, morphology and pathogenicity of Botryosphaeria species on grapevines

It is concluded that B. australis, B. ribis and B. stevensii are more virulent than the other species studied, confirming earlier suggestions that the generic concept of Botryosphaeria should be expanded to include genera with septate ascospores and Diplodia anamorphs.

Phylogenetic and morphological re-evaluation of the Botryosphaeria species causing diseases of Mangifera indica.

The morphological and molecular results confirmed that the fungi previously identified from mango as species of Dothiorella belong to Fusicoccum and a key is provided to distinguish these species based on anamorph morphology in culture.

Botryosphaeria corticola, sp. nov. on Quercus species, with notes and description of Botryosphaeria stevensii and its anamorph, Diplodia mutila.

It was concluded that the isolates from oak differed from B. stevensii in having larger ascospores and conidia as well as different spore shapes and represented an as yet undescribed species, which is described here as B. corticola.

Multi-gene phylogenies define Ceratocystiopsis and Grosmannia distinct from Ophiostoma

DNA sequence data from combined partial nuclear LSU and β-tubulin genes are used to consider the phylogenetic relationships of 50 Ophiostoma species, representing all the major morphological groups in the genus, and reveal additional lineages linked to morphological characters.

Combined multiple gene genealogies and phenotypic characters differentiate several species previously identified as Botryosphaeria dothidea.

A combined phylogeny of the three gene regions used in this study showed that the genus Botryosphaeria represents two distinct phylogenetic assemblages that correspond to species with Diplodia and Fusicoccum anamorphs.

Comparison of cultural and morphological characters and ITS sequences in anamorphs of Botryosphaeria and related taxa

Anamorphs of 22 strains of botryosphaer- iaceous fungi including Fusicoccum, Diplodia, Sphaeropsis, and Lasiodiplodia theobromae wereared utilizing conidial characters, cultural morphol- ogy, growth rates and nucleotide sequences of the nuclear rDNA internal transcribed spacers ITS 1 and ITS 2.

Microthia, Holocryphia and Ursicollum, three new genera on Eucalyptus and Coccoloba for fungi previously known as Cryphonectria

A new genus, Holocryphia, is erected for C. havanensis but reside in a genus distinct from Cryphonectria sensu stricto, which is described here as Microthia.