Phylogenetic analysis of the perissodactylan family Tapiridae using mitochondrial cytochromec oxidase (COII) sequences

@article{Ashley2005PhylogeneticAO,
  title={Phylogenetic analysis of the perissodactylan family Tapiridae using mitochondrial cytochromec oxidase (COII) sequences},
  author={M. Ashley and Jane E. Norman and L. Stross},
  journal={Journal of Mammalian Evolution},
  year={2005},
  volume={3},
  pages={315-326}
}
The four extant members of the family Tapiridae have a disjunct, relictual distribution, with three species being Neotropical (Tapirus bairdii, T. terrestris, andT. pinchaque) and one found in Southeast Asia (T. indicus). Little recent work on tapir systematics have appeared, and no molecular studies of this group have been published. A phylogenetic analysis was undertaken using sequences of the mitochondrial cytochromec oxidase subunit II gene (COII) from representatives of the four species of… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

Molecular phylogeny and evolution of the Perissodactyla
TLDR
An important implication of this study is that Equus asinus, the African wild ass was found to be the sister taxon of Asiatic asses and zebras, diverging from the common ancestor with caballine horses 2 Mya. Expand
Mitogenomics of the mountain tapir (Tapirus pinchaque, Tapiridae, Perissodactyla, Mammalia) in Colombia and Ecuador: Phylogeography and insights into the origin and systematics of the South American tapirs
TLDR
There was no significant spatial trend in genetic structure for the mountain tapir in Colombia and Ecuador and the genetic heterogeneity analyses revealed a low genetic differentiation between them, suggesting that T. kabomani is not a full species. Expand
A NEW UPPER PLEISTOCENE TAPIR FROM ARGENTINA: REMARKS ON THE PHYLOGENETICS AND DIVERSIFICATION OF NEOTROPICAL TAPIRIDAE
TLDR
A complete skull of a fossil tapir was recovered from outcrops of the Arroyo Feliciano Formation in the Argentine Mesopotamia and is recognized as a new species, Tapirus mesopotamicus sp. Expand
itogenomics of the mountain tapir ( Tapirus pinchaque , apiridae , Perissodactyla , Mammalia ) in Colombia and Ecuador : hylogeography and insights into the origin and systematics f the South American tapirs anuel
We sampled 45 Andean mountain tapirs (Tapirus pinchaque) from Colombia and Ecuador and sequenced 15 mitochondrial genes (two rRNA and 13 protein codifying genes)—making up 13,939 base pairs,Expand
A comprehensive phylogeny of extant horses, rhinos and tapirs (Perissodactyla) through data combination
TLDR
The first phylogenies to include all extant species of Perissodactyla (oddtoed hoofed mammals) and the recently extinct quagga are presented and the contentious affinity of the Sumatran rhino is resolved in favour of it forming a clade with the two Asian rhinos. Expand
Use of mitochondrial cytochrome b sequences to determine the origin of captive Asian tapirs Tapirus indicus: implications for conservation
TLDR
The results suggest that there may be up to 7 distinct haplotypes of T. indicus, and the diverged geographic distribution of these haplotypes illustrates the phylogeographic history of the family Tapiridae based on 963 bp cytochrome b sequences. Expand
Phylogeography and spatial structure of the lowland tapir (Tapirus terrestris, Perissodactyla: Tapiridae) in South America
TLDR
The mitochondrial cytochrome b gene of 141 lowland tapirs (Tapirus terrestris) is sequenced – representing the largest geographical distribution sample of this species studied across of South America to date, agreeing quite well with the view of Voss et al., and against of the claims of Cozzuol et al. Expand
Phylogeography of the Mountain Tapir (Tapirus pinchaque) and the Central American Tapir (Tapirus bairdii) and the Origins of the Three Latin-American Tapirs by Means of mtCyt-B Sequences
The Perissodactyla order is a very old group of mammals (around 60 Millions years ago, MYA). In the fossil record, there are representative specimens from five main superfamilies (Tapiroidea,Expand
A new species of tapir from the Amazon
TLDR
A new species of living Tapirus from the Amazon rain forest is described, the first since T. bairdii Gill, 1865, and the 1st new Perissodactyla in more than 100 years, from both morphological and molecular characters. Expand
Phylogeny of the freshwater copepod Mesocyclops (Crustacea: Cyclopidae) based on combined molecular and morphological data, with notes on biogeography.
TLDR
M Mesocyclops darwini was the single taxon whose relationships showed conflict among the previous reconstructions using only morphological characters and the tree inferred from the combined data set, with the result supporting monophyly of Old World taxa. Expand
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 49 REFERENCES
Mitochondrial DNA phylogeny of the Old-World monkey tribe Papionini.
The evolution of the Old World monkey tribe Papionini, composed of macaques, baboons, mandrills, drills, and mangabeys, was examined using mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequence data on the cytochromeExpand
Resolution of the African hominoid trichotomy by use of a mitochondrial gene sequence.
TLDR
Comparisons of cytochrome oxidase subunit II gene sequences provide clear-cut evidence from the mitochondrial genome for the separation of the African ape trichotomy into two evolutionary lineages, one leading to gorillas and the other to humans and chimpanzees. Expand
Owl monkeys (Aotus) are highly divergent in mitochondrial Cytochromec Oxidase (COII) sequences
TLDR
The AotusCOII data support the existence of multiple species of Aotu, with origins predating late Pleistocene climatic events, and suggest that the taxa are genetically quite distinct and have likely experienced extended periods of isolated evolution. Expand
Molecular evolution of the mitochondrial 12S rRNA in Ungulata (mammalia)
TLDR
The 12S rRNA was useful to solve intraordinal relationships among Ungulata, but it seemed to harbor too few informative positions to decipher the bushlike radiation of some UngulATA orders, an event which has most probably occurred in a short span of time between 55 and 70 MYA. Expand
Evolution of the primate cytochrome c oxidase subunit II gene
TLDR
In congruence with previous studies on COII, it was found that the monkeys and apes have undergone a nearly two-fold increase in the rate of amino acid replacement relative to other primates. Expand
Conservation Genetics of the Black Rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis), I: Evidence from the Mitochondrial DNA of Three Populations
TLDR
The mitochondrial DNA data suggest that within national boundaries, the black rhino populations the authors sampled may be considered single populations for breeding purposes, which might increase the species' probability of survival. Expand
Evolution of the cytochrome b gene of mammals.
TLDR
Comparisons of these cytochrome b sequences support current structure-function models for this membrane-spanning protein, which suggests that the outer surface which includes the Qo redox center is more constrained than the remainder of the molecule, namely, the transmembrane segments and the surface that protrudes into the mitochondrial matrix. Expand
Mitochondrial DNA evolution in the genus Equus.
TLDR
The variation between species supports a divergence of extant lineages from a common ancestor approximately 3.9 Myr before the present, and trees constructed according to the parsimony principle indicate that the three extant zebra species represent a monophyletic group. Expand
Mitochondrial COII sequences and modern human origins.
TLDR
The mitochondrial DNA sequence data from COII and ND4-5 regions therefore do not support this multiregional hypothesis for the emergence of modern humans and are compatible with a 1-Myr-old human mitochondrial ancestor. Expand
Phylogenetic relationships of Dipsacales based on rbcl sequences
TLDR
The genera of Caprifoliaceae do not form a monophyletic group and Symphoricarpos and Lonicera are related and are united with Valerianaceae and Dipsacaceae; Adoxa and Sambucus are directly linked and are possibly related to Viburnum. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...