Phylogenetic Systematics of the North American Fossil Caninae (Carnivora: Canidae)

  title={Phylogenetic Systematics of the North American Fossil Caninae (Carnivora: Canidae)},
  author={Richard H. Tedford and Xiaoming Wang and Beryl E. Taylor},
Abstract The canid subfamily Caninae includes all the living canids and their most recent fossil relatives. Their sister taxon is the Borophaginae with which they share an important modification of the lower carnassial, namely the presence of a bicuspid talonid, which gives this tooth an additional function in mastication. Contributing to this function is the enlargement of the posterolingual cingulum of M1 and development of a hypocone. The Caninae diverged from the Borophaginae in the… 
Phylogeny of the large extinct South American Canids (Mammalia, Carnivora, Canidae) using a “total evidence” approach
The combination of the phylogenetic analyses, the fossil record and divergence dates estimated in previous works suggests that at least three or four independent lineages of the “South American clade” invaded South America after the establishment of the Panama bridge around 3 million years ago, plus other events corresponding to the immigration of Urocyon and Canis dirus.
Phylogenetic relationships of Nyctereutes Temminck, 1838 (Canidae, Carnivora, Mammalia) from early Pliocene of Çalta, Turkey
This study reveals that possible sexual dimorphism in the size and proportions of some cranial elements, such as stronger sagittal and nuchal crests, a better defined temporal line, a thicker zygomatic process of the maxillary bone, and a braincase that is elongated but less round and, in particular, stronger subangular lobe in male individuals are revealed.
The recognition of a derived taxon in the MN15 zone suggests the existence of similar ecological dynamics at the two extremes of the paleobiogeographic range of the genus (i.e., across the entire Eurasia) and reconciles the Western European and Asian records.
Fossil Canids from the Mehrten Formation, Late Cenozoic of Northern California
The Mehrten canids may represent a rapid transition early in the evolution of the Borophagus lineage, and are found among four canid species: two borophagines (Borophagus parvus and B. secundus) and two canines (E. davisi and Vulpes stenognathus, newly identified).
The wide ranging genus Eucyon Tedford & Qiu, 1996 (Mammalia, Carnivora, Canidae, Canini) in the Mio-Pliocene of the Old World
  • L. Rook
  • Geography, Environmental Science
  • 2009
ABSTRACT The occurrence of the Tribe Canini (subfamily Caninae) in the Hemphillian (Mio-Pliocene) of North America has been long known without finding contemporary relatives in the Old World.
Phylogeny of the Caninae (Carnivora): Combining morphology, behaviour, genes and fossils
It is concluded that macroevolutionary and palaeoecological analyses of the extinct and extant Caninae were to some extent compromised by the phylogenies used.
The resulting topology suggests that Nyctereutes radiated early in the history of the Caninae, whereas the other taxa are grouped in three clades: fox-like canids, wolf-likeCanids, and South American canids.
Canids (Caninae) from the Past of Venezuela
A review of paleontological material that was published previously, along with newly reported ancient specimens, reveals a distinct historical diversity for the same region of Venezuela and suggests a more complex evolutionary history than previously thought for South American canids.


Phylogeny of the Caninae (Carnivora, Canidae) : the living taxa. American Museum novitates ; no. 3146
The reconstruction delineates two sister taxa: the foxlike tribe Vulpini, and the wolflike and South American taxa, tribe Canini, which leads to a more fully resolved relationship than presently available from other systems.
A new canid Nurocyon chonokhariensis gen. et sp. nov. (Canini, Canidae, Mammalia) from the Pliocene of Mongolia
The cranial morphology of the studied form does not indicate a close affi nity with any known genus of Pliocene Eurasian Canini and supports a full genus-level separation of this Mongolian dog.
The status of genus Nothocyon Matthew, 1899 (Carnivora): an arctoid not a canid
The history of the genus Nothocyon is reviewed and a new genus and species is proposed for the taxon represented by the material referred to “N. geismarianus” based on materials referred to that taxon by E. D. Cope.
Small Oligocene Amphicyonids from North America (Paradaphoenus, Mammalia, Carnivora)
Abstract North American amphicyonid carnivorans are important members of the mid-Cenozoic terrestrial carnivore community during the late Eocene to late Miocene (Duchesnean to Clarendonian). Species
Molecular systematics of the Canidae.
A combined analysis of the mtDNA data and published morphological data provides unexpected support for a monophyletic South American canidae clade, although the homogeneity partition tests indicate significant heterogeneity between the two data sets.
Catalogus Mammalium tam viventium quam fossilium
A new catalogue of Mammals is much wanted, and will be of great use to the many workers in that group of animals, although the work appears to have been performed in a satisfactory manner, though it would not be difficult to point out a certain number of slips and errors.
Undescribed Fossil Carnivora from the Siválik Hills in the Collection of the British Museum
  • P. Bose
  • Geology
    Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London
  • 1880
The able descriptions by Falconer, supplemented of late by Rütimeyer and Lydekker, have made the Sivālik Ungulates widely known in the scientific world; but the remains of the Carnivora, partly on
Pliocene (latest Hemphillian and Blancan) vertebrate fossils from the Mangas Basin, southwestern New Mexico
Two vertebrate faunas of Pliocene age, the Walnut Canyon and Buckhorn local faunas, are described from sediments of the Gila Group in the Mangas basin in northern Grant County, southwestern New
Additional carnivores from the Rexroad Formation (upper Pliocene) of Southwestern Kansas.
  • P. Bjork
  • Environmental Science
    Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science. Kansas Academy of Science
  • 1973
Forms new to the Rexroad Formation and additional referred materials which provide more information about known taxa are reported and additional morphological and distributional data are reported for eight of the previously recorded taxa.