Phylogenetic Revision of Acanthiophilus (Diptera: Tephritidae), with a Description of Three New Species and a Discussion of Zoogeography

  title={Phylogenetic Revision of Acanthiophilus (Diptera: Tephritidae), with a Description of Three New Species and a Discussion of Zoogeography},
  author={Elizabeth Morgulis and Amnon Freidberg and Netta Dorchin},
ABSTRACT Acanthiophilus Becker (Diptera: Tephritidae) is a fruit fly genus currently with 10 species, all of which restricted to flowerheads of plants in the family Asteraceae. Most species in the genus are limited to the Afrotropical Region, but Acanthiophilus helianthi (Rossi) is also widespread in the Palearctic Region, where it is considered to be a major pest of safflower. No information on the life history of any of the species other than A. helianthi has been available so far, and the… Expand
Phylogenetic Revision of Tephritomyia Hendel (Diptera: Tephritidae), With Description of 14 New Species
It is concluded that Tephritomyia originated in Africa, and hypothesize that it is most speciose in the Afrotropics as a result of weaker competition over host plants than in other zoogeographic regions. Expand
Molecular and morphological phylogeny of thistle fruit flies Acanthiophilus Becker 1908 and Tephritomyia Hendel 1927 (Diptera: Tephritidae)
The results confirm the monophyly of Acanthiophilus and Tephritomyia but contrary to the original hypothesis, these genera do not together form a monophyletic group and group with Trupanea, which is not restricted to Cardueae host plants. Expand
Discovery of a naturally occurring individual of Acanthiophilus helianthi (Rossi) (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Korea, a managed quarantine pest by the Korean Animal and Plant Quarantine Agency
A. helianthi should be removed from the Korean quarantine pest list, since its natural occurrence in Korea is confirmed by the present study, and its biology and pest status summarized from previous literature. Expand


The Tephritidae (Diptera) of the Madeiran Archipelago, Portugal is reviewed and eleven new fruit fly ‐ host plant relations are recorded. Expand
Molecular phylogeny of the subfamily Tephritinae (Diptera: Tephritidae) based on mitochondrial 16S rDNA sequences.
The results convincingly suggest that an extensive rearrangement of the tribal classification of the Tephritinae is necessary, and provide baseline information for a more rigorous sampling of additional taxa representing all possible major lineages of the subfamily. Expand
A study of Afreutreta Bezzi and related genera (Diptera: Tephritidae: Tephritinae)
The monotypic Chipingomyia Hancock (with C. manica Hancock) is shown to be unrelated to the Afreutreta group and is transferred from the Tephritini to the Aciurini. Expand
Half of the European fruit fly species barcoded (Diptera, Tephritidae); a feasibility test for molecular identification
It is demonstrated that the success of DNA barcoding for identification purposes strongly depends on the contents of the database used to BLAST against, and the necessity of including multiple specimens per species of geographically distinct populations and different ecologies for the understanding of the intra- versus interspecific variation is demonstrated. Expand
Male terminalia of Diptera (Insecta): a review of evolutionary trends, homology and phylogenetic implications
The Diptera sperm pump with a functional ejaculatory apodeme is a possible autapomorphy of Diptera, exclusive of Nymphomyiidae and Deuterophlebiidae. Expand
The fruit flies of the Canary Islands (Diptera: Tephritidae)
Seven fruit fly species were reared for the first time, and 12 new fruit fly - plant relationships are mentioned. Expand
Reconstructing the evolution and biogeographic history of tribe Cardueae (Compositae).
Most diversification events within Cardueae are related to the continuous cycles of area connection and division between the Anatolian microplate and the western Mediterranean Basin during the Oligocene-Miocene and with the uplift of the Himalayan range from the Miocene onward. Expand
Notes on the Ethiopian Fruit-flies of the Family Trypaneidae, other than Dacus. -iii.
This genus was recently described by Dr. Speiser and is a very characteristic one, on account of its elongate and slender body and bare 3rd longitudinal vein, which is evidently allied to Ocneros, but has nothing to do with Rioxa. Expand
Descriptions of 3rd instar larvae of Craspedoxantha polyspila Bezzi and C. marginalis (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Tephritidae) from Gambia
The last larval stages of Craspedoxantha polyspila Bezzi and C. marginalis (Wiedemann) are described, and Larvae of the fruit-flies C.polyspila were the most numerous, and they were attacked by Ormyrus sp. Expand
Sympatric speciation in phytophagous insects: moving beyond controversy?
The evidence for sympatric speciation via host shifting for phytophagous insects is reviewed and a set of testable predictions for distinguishing geographic mode (allopatric versus sympatrics) of divergence are proposed. Expand