Phylogenetic Relationships of the Suborders of Coleoptera (Insecta)

@article{Beutel2000PhylogeneticRO,
  title={Phylogenetic Relationships of the Suborders of Coleoptera (Insecta)},
  author={Rolf G. Beutel and Fabian B. Haas},
  journal={Cladistics},
  year={2000},
  volume={16}
}
One hundred seven external and internal characters of larval and adult representatives of 28 genera of the coleopteran suborders were analyzed cladistically. Four groups of Neuropterida were introduced as outgroup. The analysis yielded 18 trees with a minimum of 194 steps (CI 0.691). All trees support the monophyly of all four suborders and a branching pattern (Archostemata + (Adephaga + (Myxophaga + Polyphaga))). The presence of elytra with meso‐ and metathoracic locking devices, the specific… 
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