Phylogenetic Relationships of the Suborders of Coleoptera (Insecta)

@article{Beutel2000PhylogeneticRO,
  title={Phylogenetic Relationships of the Suborders of Coleoptera (Insecta)},
  author={Rolf G. Beutel and Fabian B. Haas},
  journal={Cladistics},
  year={2000},
  volume={16}
}
One hundred seven external and internal characters of larval and adult representatives of 28 genera of the coleopteran suborders were analyzed cladistically. Four groups of Neuropterida were introduced as outgroup. The analysis yielded 18 trees with a minimum of 194 steps (CI 0.691). All trees support the monophyly of all four suborders and a branching pattern (Archostemata + (Adephaga + (Myxophaga + Polyphaga))). The presence of elytra with meso‐ and metathoracic locking devices, the specific… 
Phylogeny of the Coleoptera Based on Morphological Characters of Adults and Larvae
Abstract. In order to infer phylogenetic relationships within the extraordinarily speciesrich order Coleoptera, a cladistic analysis is performed, in which 516 adult and larval morphological
Larval morphology and phylogenetic position of Micromalthus debilis LeConte (Coleoptera: Micromalthidae)
TLDR
External and internal structures of the cerambycoid and triungulin larvae of Micromalthus debilis are described and compared to features found in larvae of other groups of Coleoptera and a cladistic analysis was carried out.
The thoracic morphology of Archostemata and the relationships of the extant suborders of Coleoptera (Hexapoda)
TLDR
Important evolutionary changes linked with this branching event are simplifications of the thoracic skeleton resulting in reduced degrees of freedom, and a distinct simplification of the muscle system, which culminates in Polyphaga, which are strongly supported as a clade.
Cephalic anatomy of Sphaeriusidae and a morphology‐based phylogeny of the suborder Myxophaga (Coleoptera)
TLDR
The head of Sphaerius is less affected by size reduction compared with other beetles of the same size class and a fimbriate galea is lacking, and the observed features are evaluated in a cladistic analysis of larval and adult characters.
The pterothoracic skeletomuscular system of Scirtoidea ( Coleoptera : Polyphaga ) and its implications for the high-level phylogeny of beetles
TLDR
The thoracic features of Scirtoidea – like those of all polyphagan lineages – are clearly derived compared with the conditions in Adephaga, and especially Archostemata.
The pterothoracic skeletomuscular system of Scirtoidea (Coleoptera: Polyphaga) and its implications for the high‐level phylogeny of beetles
TLDR
The thoracic features of Scirtoidea – like those of all polyphagan lineages – are clearly derived compared with the conditions in Adephaga, and especially Archostemata.
The systematic position of Meruidae (Coleoptera, Adephaga) and the phylogeny of the smaller aquatic adephagan beetle families
A phylogenetic analysis of Adephaga is presented. It is based on 148 morphological characters of adults and larvae and focussed on a placement of the recently described Meruidae, and the genus‐level
The phylogeny of Coleopterida (Hexapoda) – morphological characters and molecular phylogenies
TLDR
A large morphological dataset comprising external and internal features of adults and immature stages is presented here and analysed phylogenetically, indicating that a complex feeding apparatus suitable for saprophagy and sporophagy was ancestral in Coleoptera, with secondary reduction in Archostemata and Adephaga.
Description of the larva of Rhipsideigma raffrayi (Coleoptera: Archostemata), with phylogenetic and functional implications
TLDR
A clade, which comprises Rhipsideigma, Tenomerga and probably other genera of Cupedidae with hitherto unknown larvae, is well supported by larval apomorphies such as the broadened prothorax, the presence of coxal asperities and the absence of a distinct lateral longitudinal bulge.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 238 REFERENCES
Evolution and Classification of Beetles
TLDR
The beetle ovipositor represents the plesiomorphic form of that found in neuropteroids, so Coleoptera could not be the sister group of any particular neuropteroid order; but Hamilton (48) argued on the basis of wing venation thatColeoptera and Megaloptera are sister groups.
Phylogenetic analysis of Adephaga (Coleoptera) based on characters of the larval head
TLDR
Characters of the head of adephagan larvae were examined and analysed phylogenetically, and improvement of the hypopharyngeal filter apparatus suggests the monophyly of Anisochaeta.
Larval head morphology of Hydroscapha natans (Coleoptera, Myxophaga) with reference to miniaturization and the systematic position of Hydroscaphidae
Abstract The head of third instar larvae of Hydroscapha natans was reconstructed three dimensionally on a computer. This technique allowed a detailed examination and presentation of internal features
On the systematic position of the genus Notomicrus sharp (Hydradephaga, Coleoptera)
TLDR
Characters of the foreleg demonstrate that the noterid genera Pronoterus, Synchortus, Mesonoterus), Renotus, Noterus, Siolius, Hydrocanthus, Canthydrus, Suphisellus, and Suphis form a monophyletic unit and that Pronsoterus is the sister group of the remainder of these genera.
A critical study of the suborder Myxophaga, with a taxonomic revision of the Brazilian Torridincolidae and Hydroscaphidae (Coleoptera)
TLDR
The author concludes that Myxophaga is a valid suborder of Coleoptera, its components representing primitive beetles, which are to be considered as somewhat intermediate between the two main suborders, Adephaga and Polyphaga.
Larval morphology of Systolosoma Solier and Trachypachus Motschulsky (Coleoptera: Trachypachidae) with phylogenetic considerations
TLDR
The sistergroup relationship between Trachypachidae and Dytiscoidea is strongly supported by the presence of caudal tentorial arms in larvae of both trachypACHid genera.
EVOLUTION OF THE HIND WING IN COLEOPTERA
TLDR
Venational evidence is given to define two major lineages (the hydrophiloid and the eucinetoid) within the suborder Polyphaga, and relationships among the four currently recognized suborders of Coleoptera are reexamined using hind wing characters.
Phylogeny of Insect Orders
TLDR
This review is devoted to a treatment of the phylogeny of extant orders of insects and their closest relatives and to the numerous new proposals made in a thought-provoking, recent book by Boudreaux (15).
Metathoracic Features of Omoglymmius hamatus and their Significance for Classification of Rhysodini (Coleoptera: Adephaga)
TLDR
Skeleton and musculature of the metathorax of imagines of Omoglymmius hamatus were examined and interpreted phylogenetically and some affinities between the posterior parts of the anepister­ num and epimeron of members of Rhysodini and Scaritini may point towards a closer relationship between both taxa.
...
...