Phylogenetic Relationships Within Parrots (Psittacidae) Inferred from Mitochondrial Cytochrome-b Gene Sequences

  title={Phylogenetic Relationships Within Parrots (Psittacidae) Inferred from Mitochondrial Cytochrome-b Gene Sequences},
  author={Dwi Astuti and Noriko Azuma and Hitoshi Suzuki and Seigo Higashi},
  booktitle={Zoological science},
Abstract Blood and tissue samples of 40 individuals including 27 parrot species (15 genera; 3 subfamilies) were collected in Indonesia. [] Key Result The phylogenetic analysis revealed that (1) cockatoos (subfamily Cacatuinae) form a monophyletic sister group to other parrot groups; (2) within the genus Cacatua, C. goffini and C. sanguinea form a sister group to a clade containing other congeners; (3) subfamily Psittacinae emerged as paraphyletic, consisting of three clades, with a clade of Psittaculirostris…

A multilocus molecular phylogeny of the parrots (Psittaciformes): support for a Gondwanan origin during the cretaceous.

The results support a Cretaceous origin of Psittaciformes in Gondwana after the separation of Africa and the India/Madagascar block with subsequent diversification through both vicariance and dispersal.

The phylogenetic affinities of the parrot taxa Agapornis, Loriculus and Melopsittacus (Aves: Psittaciformes): hypotarsal morphology supports the results of molecular analyses

It is hypothesised that Agapornis, Loriculus, Micropsitta, Cyclopsittini, Melopsittacus and Loriini form a clade for which the name Loricoloriinae is proposed.

Stem Parrots (Aves, Halcyornithidae) from the Green River Formation and a Combined Phylogeny of Pan-Psittaciformes

Fossil evidence is consistent with a more recent origin of crown clade Psittaciformes than predicted from divergence dating analyses, and supports environmental shifts and dispersal as key drivers in parrot biogeography.

Parrot interrelationships—morphology and the new molecular phylogenies

Abstract Molecular analyses have started to provide a congruent picture of parrot interrelationships but the affinities of some taxa remain uncertain and there have been few attempts to correlate the

A revised nomenclature and classification for family-group taxa of parrots (Psittaciformes)

A framework of three superfamilies among parrots (Strigopoidea, Cacatuoidea and Psittacoidea) within which Linnaean taxonomy can accommodate present phylogenetic understanding by employing groupings at the ranks of family, subfamily and tribe is advocated.

The complete mitogenome of red-collared lorikeet (Trichoglossus rubritorquis) and its phylogenetic analysis

ML tree based on 13 protein-coding genes indicated that, Melopsittacus undulatus of the family Psittacidae was the closest related species to T. rubritorquis, suggesting that lorikeets might still be in the familyPsittac family.

Evolution of modern birds revealed by mitogenomics: timing the radiation and origin of major orders.

These analyses indicate that by improving the taxonomic sampling, complete mt genomes can solve the evolutionary relationships among major bird groups and support the choice of COX 1 among mt genes as target for developing DNA barcoding approaches in birds.

The evolutionary history of cockatoos (Aves: Psittaciformes: Cacatuidae).

Sequence and phylogenetic analysis of the mitochondrial genome for red-breasted parakeet Psittacula alexandri (Psittaciformes: Psittacidae)

A phylogenetic tree strongly supported that P. alexandri is closely related with Eclectus roratus by highly probability, and the complete mitochondrial genome and phylogeny was sequenced and described.



Phylogenetic relationships among the major lineages of the birds-of-paradise (Paradisaeidae) using mitochondrial DNA gene sequences.

Complete mitochondrial cytochrome b gene sequences were determined from 12 species of the Australo-Papuan birds-of-paradise (Paradisaeidae) representing 9 genera and reveal a radiation of the main paradisaeinine lineages that took place over a relatively short evolutionary time scale.


DNA sequences spanning 1,042 nucleotide bases of the mitochondrial cytochrome-b gene are reported for all 15 species and selected subspecies of cranes and an outgroup, the Limpkin, to suggest a rapid evolutionary diversification of these lineages.

Molecular phylogeny of a cosmopolitan group of woodpeckers (genus Picoides) gased on COI and cyt b mitochondrial gene sequences.

DNA sequences for two protein-coding mitochondrial genes are employed to reconstruct phylogenetic relationships among all New World species and several Eurasian representatives of the genus Picoides, and it is suggested that this large, cosmopolitan genus is in need of systematic revision in order to reflect evolutionary history.


Division of this complex into separate species on the basis of the observed patterns of monophyly for mitochondrial DNA is unwarranted because further sampling could reveal additional instances of paraphyly across subspecies and, more generally, because mtDNA alone should not be used to infer species boundaries.

Phylogenetic relationships within the turacos (Musophagidae)

Phylogenetic analyses supported the hypothesis that the Musophagidae are more closely related to the cuckoos, parrots and the Hoatzin than the gamebirds and yielded a hypothesis for the controversy surrounding the position of Gallirex porphyreolophus and Tauraco johnstoni.

Cytochrome-b sequence variation among parrots.

The nucleotide sequence of a 307 bp fragment of the mitochondrial cytochrome-b gene was determined for 12 species of parrot, using the polymerase chain reaction and direct sequencing, and strongly biased base composition is evident among the sequences.


Biogeographic analysis of the mtDNA phylogeny supports the hypothesis that the cockatoos originated in Australia and that a combination of vicariant speciation and dispersal may have contributed to the diversification of the genus Cacatua in two separate radiations to the Australian species.

Phylogeny of the avian family Ciconiidae (storks) based on cytochrome b sequences and DNA-DNA hybridization distances.

  • B. Slikas
  • Biology
    Molecular phylogenetics and evolution
  • 1997
A combinable-component consensus of the best-fit DNA-DNA hybridization tree and a consensus tree based on different analyses of the cytochrome b sequences provide the best estimate of relationships among stork species based on the two data sets.

Paraphyly of the Blue Tit (Parus caeruleus) suggested from cytochrome b sequences.

Parrot Evolution and Paleogeographical Events: Mitochondrial DNA Evidence

Phylogenetic analyses showed that the Neotropical species studied constitute two monophyletic groups: the long-tailed and the short-tailed species, and supported the view that the divergence between Netropical short- and long-tails taxa wasolder than the Oligocene–Miocene divergence among the long.