• Corpus ID: 59321965

Phryssonotus novaehollandiae Silvestri, 1923: the sole Australian representative of the millipede Family Synxenidae

  title={Phryssonotus novaehollandiae Silvestri, 1923: the sole Australian representative of the millipede Family Synxenidae},
  author={Megan D. Short and Cuong Van Huynh},
Examination of synxenid millipedes from a number of collections confirms that Phryssonotus novaehollandiae is the sole representative of the genus and family in Australia. P. novaehollandiae was found to have the most widespread distribution of any native Australian millipede species. It occurs in a range of well-drained habitats including heathlands, woodlands and coastal scrub. Several thelytokous (female only) populations were found in coastal areas of south eastern Australia. 

Figures from this paper

Two new species of Phryssonotus (Diplopoda : Synxenidae) from southern and western Australia
Examination of the colour patterns of live specimens, other morphological characters and DNA analysis together were found to be the most reliable method of correctly distinguishing between these three species.
The millipedes of Barrow Island, Western Australia (Diplopoda)
Six species of millipede are recorded from Barrow Island, including three species of pin-cushion millipedes of the order Polyxenida, Lophoturus madecassus, and one species of the family Haplodesmidae (genus and species indet).
Phylogenetic relationships of millipedes in the subclass Penicillata (Diplopoda) with a key to the genera
The results suggest that further revision of the systematics of the Polyxenida may be necessary and a much larger molecular data set will be necessary to clarify and provide stronger nodal support for phylogenetic trees and to confirm the relationships, particularly of the families polyxenidae and Lophoproctidae.
Reproduction, egg morphology and development observed in two Australian penicillate millipedes, Lophoturus queenslandicus (Lophoproctidae) and Phryssonotus novaehollandiae (Synxenidae) (Diplopoda)
The results indicate that the reproductive strategies of Australian lophoproctid and synxenid species are adapted to their harsh environment.
Annotated bibliography for Barrow Island terrestrial invertebrates
A bibliography is provided of publications treating terrestrial invertebrates on Barrow Island. A brief overview is also given of natural history and invertebrate collections on Barrow Island.


Checklist of Southern African millipedes (Myriapoda: Diplopoda)
  • M. Hamer
  • Environmental Science, Biology
  • 1998
This checklist, compiled from the literature, lists all diplopod species recorded from Africa south of the Zambezi and Kunene Rivers. A total of 552 currently valid species, distributed between 71
A new hypothesis to explain geographic parthenogenesis
Asexuals may replace sexuals in subdivided habitats with local extinction and recolonization while they would not succeed in unstructured habitats without local turnover dynamics, according to this hypothesis.
Distribuzione del genere ‘Synxenus
  • Silv. (Diplopoda-Penicillata). – Atti dell’Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, Rendiconti, Classe di Scienze Fisiche, matematiche e naturali
  • 1948
Genetic diversity and the phylogeography of parthenogenesis: comparing bisexual and thelytokous populations of Nemasoma varicorne (Diplopoda: Nemasomatidae) in Denmark.
The results suggest that the success of the thelytokous form, at least in Denmark, is not due to abundant clonal diversity as hypothesized by the frozen niche variation model, and the relationships of Danish populations with animals from The Czech Republic, England and Poland are compared.
Millipedes of Australia
    Parthenogenesis and bisexuality in the millipede , Nemasoma varicorne C . L . Koch , 1847 ( Diplopoda : Blaniulidae ) . Morphological , ecological and biogeographical aspects
    • – Videnskabelige meddelelser fra den Naturhistoriske forening i Kjöbenhavn