Phrenic nerve pacing in infants and children: a review of experience and report on the usefulness of phrenic nerve stimulation studies.


Nine infants and children, referred for phrenic nerve pacemakers, had measurements of phrenic nerve conduction times and diaphragmatic action potential amplitudes. In these pediatric patients, phrenic nerve conduction times varied from 2.7 to 7.8 msec, were quite reproducible, and were shorter than phrenic nerve conduction times in adults; phrenic nerve… (More)


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