Phrenic nerve conduction studies: a new technique and its application in quadriplegic patients.

Abstract

Although a few reports of phrenic nerve stimulation have appeared over the past dozen years, electromyographers have not readily accepted these methods. Perhaps this is because the techniques are considered unreliable, or because there is a major element of patient discomfort. In this study a simple, safe, and relatively painless procedure was devised for… (More)

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