Photovoltaics.

@article{Annan1985Photovoltaics,
  title={Photovoltaics.},
  author={Robert H. Annan},
  journal={Science},
  year={1985},
  volume={227 4682},
  pages={
          8
        }
}
  • R. Annan
  • Published 4 January 1985
  • Environmental Science, Engineering
  • Science
Solar cells, or photovoltaic cells, transform light, usually sunlight, into electric current. Few power-generation technologies are as clean as photovoltaics (PV). As it silently generates electricity, PV produces no air pollution or hazardous waste. It doesn't require liquid or gaseous fuels to be transported or combusted. And because sunlight is free and abundant, PV systems, especially baseload Space Solar Power, may eliminate uncertainties surrounding oil, gas, or other energy fuel supplies… 

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References

A Cloudy Forecast for Solar Cells: The U.S. photovoltaic industry, facing rising costs and growing Japanese competition, is looking to Washington for assistance.

A brief description of the problems faced by the photovoltaic industry in the US is given and ways to help remedy these problems are addressed.