Sugarcane var. Co 740 is grown in various parts of Maharashtra (India) and is susceptible to chlorosis due to physiological non-utilization of iron. The physiological disorder is seen over a large area and it results in poor yield. Low sucrose yield can be recovered by foliar sprays of ferrous sulphate. The nonchlorotic and chlorotic leaves were used for the photosynthetic studies. The leaves after ferrous sulphate treatment show an increase in total chlorophyll contents and at the same time show an improved chlorophylla to chlorophyllb ratio which is affected in the chlorotic ones. The recovered green leaves have higher uptake of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and iron.14CO2 fixation studies for short- and long-term experiments reveal that recovered green leaves can synthesize malate more efficiently and also utilize it for sucrose synthesis more rapidly than in the chlorotic ones. On the contrary more amino acids, reducing sugars and sugar phosphates are synthesized in the chlorotic leaves. There is also an accumulation of citrate, glutamate, and tartrate in the chlorotic leaves. Our results indicate that sucrose synthesis is disturbed in the chlorotic leaves and can be corected byfolia: sprays of ferrous sulphate.