Photonic Aharonov-Bohm effect based on dynamic modulation.

  title={Photonic Aharonov-Bohm effect based on dynamic modulation.},
  author={Kejie Fang and Zongfu Yu and Shanhui Fan},
  journal={Physical review letters},
  volume={108 15},
We show that when the refractive index of a photonic system is harmonically modulated, the phase of the modulation introduces an effective gauge potential for photons. This effective gauge potential can be used to create a photonic Aharonov-Bohm effect. We show that the photonic Aharonov-Bohm effect provides the optimal mechanism for achieving complete on-chip nonmagnetic optical isolation. 
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