Photon-mass bound destroyed by vortices.

@article{Adelberger2003PhotonmassBD,
  title={Photon-mass bound destroyed by vortices.},
  author={Eric George Adelberger and Gia Dvali and Andrei V. Gruzinov},
  journal={Physical review letters},
  year={2003},
  volume={98 1},
  pages={
          010402
        }
}
The Particle Data Group gives an upper bound on the photon mass m < 2 x 10(-16) eV from a laboratory experiment and lists, but does not adopt, an astronomical bound m < 3 x 10(-27) eV, both of which are based on the plausible assumption of large galactic vector potential. We argue that the interpretations of these experiments should be changed, which alters significantly the bounds on m. If m arises from a Higgs effect, both limits are invalid because the Proca vector potential of the galactic… 

Using plasma physics to weigh the photon

The currently accepted value for the upper bound for the photon mass, mph, is 22 orders of magnitude less than the electron mass. As the mass mph is so incredibly small, it has essentially no effect

Photon masses in the landscape and the swampland

  • M. Reece
  • Physics
    Journal of High Energy Physics
  • 2019
Abstract In effective quantum field theory, a spin-1 vector boson can have a technically natural small mass that does not originate from the Higgs mechanism. For such theories, which may be

Upper bounds on the photon mass

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Large scale magnetic fields from torsion modes and massive photon inflation

Previously, Barrow and Tsagas (2008 Phys. Rev. D 77 107302) showed that a slower decay of magnetic fields are present in open Friedmann universes, with traditional Maxwell equations. In their paper

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are supported by the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, and G.D. is also supported by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation and by NSF

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