# Photon and graviton mass limits

@article{Goldhaber2010PhotonAG, title={Photon and graviton mass limits}, author={Alfred Scharff Goldhaber and Michael Martin Nieto}, journal={Reviews of Modern Physics}, year={2010}, volume={82}, pages={939-979} }

Efforts to place limits on deviations from canonical formulations of electromagnetism and gravity have probed length scales increasing dramatically over time. Historically, these studies have passed through three stages: (1) testing the power in the inverse-square laws of Newton and Coulomb, (2) seeking a nonzero value for the rest mass of photon or graviton, and (3) considering more degrees of freedom, allowing mass while preserving explicit gauge or general-coordinate invariance. Since the…

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