It is not surprising that consideration of impedance matching the photon to the electron, or more specifically to the quantum of resistance at the length scale defined by the mass and angular momentum of the electron, has been long ignored in quantum electrodynamics. Conceptually the development of QED preceded the discovery of ‘exact quantization’ and the associated von Klitzing constant by many decades. Additionally, the relevance of the resistance quantum to photon interactions with a single… Expand

The main theoretical idea we are trying to establish in the present work is the relevance of the fine structure constant as a coupling constant in quantum chromodynamics ”