Refractive errors were determined photographically in a group of infants and children and were compared to conventional cycloplegic retinoscopy. The refractor consisted of a mirror telephoto lens and strobe flash designed to mimic the action of a retinoscope. Significant amblyogenic conditions such as anisometropia and high isoametropia were detectable. Strabismus and media opacities were also recordable. The technique provides a potential mass suited for infants.