The photochemical reaction between biphenyl (Bp) and N(III) under irradiation at 365 nm UV light was investigated. The results showed that Bp conversion efficiency was strongly influenced by N (III) concentration, Bp initial concentration and pH. Species-specific rate constants determined by reaction of Bp with H2ONO+ (k1), HONO (k2) and NO2- (k3) were k1 = (0.058 ± 0.005 L mol-1 s-1), k2 = (0.12 ± 0.06 L mol-1 s-1) and k3 = (0.0019 ± 0.0003 L mol-1 s-1), respectively. Laser flash photolysis studies confirmed that OH radical deriving from the photolysis of N(III) attacked aromatic ring to form Bp-OH adduct with a rate constant of 9.4 × 109 L mol-1 s-1. The products analysis suggested that Bp-OH adduct could be nitrated by N (III) and NO2 to generate nitro-compounds.