Photo-induced Stevens-Johnson syndrome due to sulfasalazine therapy.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To report a case of photo-induced Stevens-Johnson Syndrome (SJS) due to sulfasalazine therapy. CASE SUMMARY Photo-induced SJS associated with sulfasalazine therapy occurred in a 34-year-old white man diagnosed as having seronegative symmetrical polyarthritis with no predisposing factors. According to his medical record, the patient had received methotrexate, levofolinate calcium, deflazacort, and diclofenac sodium as needed. Two months prior to admission, methotrexate and diclofenac sodium were suspended and treatment with sulfasalazine was started. The patient presented to our emergency department because of severe erythema confined to sun-exposed areas; annular lesions on the extremities and the mucosa were affected. Nikolsky's sign was present. A skin biopsy was compatible with SJS, and the clinical diagnosis was SJS induced by sulfasalazine. Administration of sulfasalazine was suspended, which resulted in an improvement in the skin lesions and general state of health. The patient was discharged without further symptoms. DISCUSSION The observed reaction to sulfasalazine was considered phototoxic, as lesions appeared like a burn rash reaction in sun-exposed areas when sulfasalazine treatment was started and the reaction progressed to SJS. It seems that there was a correlation between the time course of the reaction and the administration of sulfasalazine. An objective causality assessment revealed that the adverse effect was possible. CONCLUSIONS To our knowledge, this is the first report of photo-induced SJS due to sulfasalazine therapy. Clinicians should be aware of this infrequent but severe reaction. If clinical evaluation leads to the suspicion of SJS, sulfasalazine should be discontinued immediately.

Cite this paper

@article{BorrsBlasco2003PhotoinducedSS, title={Photo-induced Stevens-Johnson syndrome due to sulfasalazine therapy.}, author={Joaqu{\'i}n Borr{\'a}s-Blasco and Andr{\'e}s Navarro-Ru{\'i}z and Jaime Matarredona and Pedro Devesa and Amparo Montesinos-Ros and Mercedes Gonz{\'a}lez-Delgado}, journal={The Annals of pharmacotherapy}, year={2003}, volume={37 9}, pages={1241-3} }