Photo-Realistic Tissue Reflectance Modelling for Minimally Invasive Surgical Simulation

@article{ElHelw2005PhotoRealisticTR,
  title={Photo-Realistic Tissue Reflectance Modelling for Minimally Invasive Surgical Simulation},
  author={Mohamed A. ElHelw and M. Stella Atkins and Marios Nicolaou and Adrian James Chung and Guang-Zhong Yang},
  journal={Medical image computing and computer-assisted intervention : MICCAI ... International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention},
  year={2005},
  volume={8 Pt 1},
  pages={
          868-75
        }
}
Computer-based simulation is an important tool for surgical skills training and assessment. In general, the degree of realism experienced by the trainees is determined by the visual and biomechanical fidelity of the simulator. In minimally invasive surgery, specular reflections provide an important visual cue for tissue deformation, depth and orientation. This paper describes a novel image-based lighting technique that is particularly suitable for modeling mucous-covered tissue surfaces. We… CONTINUE READING

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