Mitochondrial modulators improve lipid composition and attenuate memory deficits in experimental model of Huntington’s disease
Phosphoinositide 3-kinase gamma is a multifunctional enzyme with lipid and protein kinase activities that also acts as a scaffold protein in many diverse signalling processes. The enzyme contains five different domains, but their individual contributions to membrane binding are not fully understood. Here, using in vitro liposome binding assays of individual domains and deletion constructs of human phosphoinositide 3-kinase gamma, we show that each domain is capable of binding anionic phospholipids to varying degrees, depending on the charge of the anionic substrate. Moreover, with the exception of the C2-domain, deletion of any single protein domain results in a complete loss of kinase activity toward both lipids and proteins.