Tricyclodecan-9-yl-Xanthogenate (D609) Mechanism of Actions: A Mini-Review of Literature
Our previous studies have shown that parathyroid hormone (PTH) stimulates phosphatidylcholine (PC) hydrolysis by phospholipase D (PLD) and transphosphatidylation in UMR-106 osteoblastic cells. To determine whether phospholipase C (PLC) is also involved in the PTH-mediated PC hydrolysis, we used the inhibitor, tricyclodecan-9-yl xanthogenate (D609), a putatively selective antagonist of this pathway. Consistent with this proposed mechanism, D609 decreased (3)H-phosphocholine in extracts from UMR-106 cells prelabeled with (3)H-choline. Unexpectedly, D609 enhanced PC hydrolysis and transphosphatidylation, suggesting that either there was a compensatory increase in PLD activity when PLC was inhibited, or that D609 directly increased PLD activity. The D609-stimulated increase in PC hydrolysis was rapid, being seen as early as 2 min. The effect of D609 was temperature-sensitive, consistent with an enzymatic mechanism. The D609-stimulated increase in PC hydrolysis was PKC-independent, based upon the lack of effect of down-regulation of PKC by phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate on the response. The studies reveal a novel action of this inhibitor on signaling in osteoblastic cells which might influence downstream responses.