Phonetic structures of Aleut

  title={Phonetic structures of Aleut},
  author={Alice Taff and Lorna Rozelle and Taehong Cho and Peter Ladefoged and Moses Dirks and Jacob A. Wegelin},
  journal={J. Phonetics},
Abstract A detailed analysis of the phonetic structures of Aleut, a moribund language spoken in Alaska, shows how much general phonetic information can be gathered from the investigation of an endangered language. Aleut has an unusual distribution of consonants, with varying functional loads. There are no bilabial stops. Among alveolar, velar and uvular stops, VOT is shorter for alveolar than for velar or uvular stops, but, despite current general phonetic theories, there is no difference in… 
Vowel harmony in two Even dialects: Production and perception
This dissertation analyzes vowel systems in two dialects of Even, an endangered Northern Tungusic language spoken in Eastern Siberia. The data were collected during fieldwork in the Bystraia district
Stress : Phonotactic and Phonetic Evidence
Stress can be signaled through a number of different acoustic properties, including increased duration, greater intensity, and higher fundamental frequency. Stress may also affect segmental and
Vowel categories and allophonic lowering among Bolivian Quechua–Spanish bilinguals
This paper is an acoustic study describing the vowel spaces of bilingual Quechua–Spanish speakers in Cochabamba, Bolivia, with a particular focus on the height of mid and high vowels, in order to
The acoustic realization of vowels of Shanghai Chinese
  • Yiya Chen
  • Linguistics, Physics
    J. Phonetics
  • 2008
Phonetic documentation in three collections: Topics and evolution
Phonetic aspects of many languages have been documented, though the breadth and focus of such documentation varies substantially. In this survey, phonetic aspects (here called ‘categories’) that are
Phonetic Diversity, Statistical Learning, and Acquisition of Phonology
The challenges posed by results in phonetic typology and sociolinguistics for the theory of language acquisition are reviewed, arguing that categories are initiated bottom-up from statistical modes in use of the phonetic space, and how exemplar theory can be used to model the updating of categories once they are initiated.
Phonetics of Endangered Languages
astounding array of languages, 6,909, by the count of the Ethnologue (Lewis, 2009). Most of these use an acoustic signal as the main element in signal transmission, though vision affects speech even
Phonetic documentation of endangered languages: Creating a knowledge- base containing sound recording, transcription and analysis
Hockett’s famous work on modern linguistics [1] divides ‘any and every human language’ into five subsystems out of which three are central and two are peripheral. According to him, the central
Vowel-length contrasts and phonetic cues to stress: an investigation of their relation*
The functional load hypothesis of Berinstein (1979) put forward the idea that languages which use a suprasegmental property (duration, F0) contrastively will not use it to realise stress. The
Acoustic correlates of stress in Turkish Kabardian
This paper reports results of an acoustic study of stress in the Turkish dialect of the Northwest Caucasian language, Kabardian. Stressed syllables were found to have consistently higher fundamental


Phonetics and phonology of Unangan (Eastern Aleut) intonation
This dissertation gives the first detailed description of the phonetics and phonology of the intonation system of Unangan (Eastern Aleut), an indigenous Alaskan language. Twelve fluent speakers were
Relation between voice-onset time and vowel duration.
  • R. Port, R. Rotunno
  • Linguistics, Physics
    The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
  • 1979
The results imply that temporal implementation rules simultaneously influence several acoustic intervals including both VOT and the "inherent" interval corresponding to a segment, either by independent control of the relevant articulatory variables or by some unknown common mechanism.
Comparing French and English coronal consonant articulation
Abstract The difference between French and English speakers' production of the coronal consonants /t, d, n, l, s, z/ has traditionally been thought to involve place of articulation (dental vs .
Japanese Tone Structure
"Japanese Tone Structure" provides a thorough, phonetically grounded description of accent and intonation in Tokyo Japanese and uses it to develop an explicit account of surface phonological
Phonetic Structures of Banawá, an Endangered Language
Abstract This paper describes the phonetic characteristics of Banawá, an endangered language spoken in Brazil. The qualities of the Banawá vowels are described in terms of their formant frequencies.
Local and non-local consonant-vowel interaction in Interior Salish*
Local consonant–vowel (C–V) interaction is attested in many languages, both as a phonetic and as a phonological process. There can be a clear developmental relationship between the two, with
Variation and universals in VOT: evidence from 18 languages
It is shown that most, but not all, of the within language place of articulation variation can be described by universally applicable phonetic rules (although the physiological bases for these rules are not entirely clear).
Acoustic correlates of stress in young children's speech.
Overall findings indicate that children control fundamental frequency, amplitude, and duration to derive perceptually identifiable stress contrasts in the majority of their productions but they are not completely adult-like in their marking of stress.
Bengali intonational phonology
It is argued that the Bengali facts support a typology of intonational tones that includes only pitch accents and boundary tones, and that the docking sites for boundary tones are the phrase edges provided under the theory of the Prosodic Hierarchy (Selkirk 1980).
Fronted Velars, Palatalized Velars, and Palatals
Comparisons of articulatory and acoustic characteristics of various stop consonants in Czech, Hungarian, English, and Russian indicate that all of these consonant types are distinct and should not be collapsed by feature systems.