Phonetic parallels between the close-mid vowels of Tyneside English: Are they internally or externally motivated?

@article{Watt2000PhoneticPB,
  title={Phonetic parallels between the close-mid vowels of Tyneside English: Are they internally or externally motivated?},
  author={Dominic Watt},
  journal={Language Variation and Change},
  year={2000},
  volume={12},
  pages={69 - 101}
}
  • Dominic Watt
  • Published 2000
  • Psychology
  • Language Variation and Change
The distribution of variants of the face and goat vowels in Tyneside English (TE) is assessed with reference to the age, sex, and social class of 32 adult TE speakers. The effects of phonological context and speaking style are also examined. Patterns in the data are suggestive of dialect leveling, whereby localized speech variants become recessive and pronunciations typical of a wider geographical area are adopted. Within this broad pattern, however, there is evidence of parallelism between the… Expand
Interaction of social and linguistic constraints on two vowel changes in northern England
Abstract This paper focuses on the way that local social indexicality interacts with principles of vowel change. A combination of real and apparent time data from the northern English dialect of YorkExpand
Is phonetic target uniformity phonologically, or sociolinguistically grounded?
In this paper, I investigate to what degree phonetic uniformity in diachronic vowels shifts can be accounted for in terms of a shared phonetic implementation rule of phonological features [6, 10],Expand
IS PHONETIC TARGET UNIFORMITY PHONOLOGICALLY, OR SOCIOLINGUISTICALLY GROUNDED?
In this paper, I investigate to what degree phonetic uniformity in diachronic vowels shifts can be accounted for in terms of a shared phonetic implementation rule of phonological features [6, 10],Expand
The past, present, and future of English dialects: Quantifying convergence, divergence, and dynamic equilibrium
Abstract This article reports on research which seeks to compare and measure the similarities between phonetic transcriptions in the analysis of relationships between varieties of English. ItExpand
Internal and external motivation in phonetic change: dialect levelling outcomes for an English vowel shift.
This article is a contribution to the debate about the primacy of internal versus external factors in language change (Farrar and Jones 2002; Thomason and Kaufman 1988). Taking Labov's Principles ofExpand
Language variation and innovation in Teesside English
This thesis presents a study of socially-conditioned phonological variation in a hitherto unresearched urban variety of British English. The variety in question is that of Teesside, on the NorthExpand
Cross-generational vowel change in American English
TLDR
Given the widespread occurrence of these parallel chainlike changes, this development is termed the “North American Shift,” which conforms to the general principles of chain shifting formulated by Labov (1994) and others. Expand
Phonological Variation in Child-Directed Speech
Segmental features of child-directed speech (CDS) were studied in a corpus drawn from thirtynine mothers living in Tyneside, England. Focus was on the phonetic variants used for (t) in word-medialExpand
Class matters: the sociolinguistics of goose and goat in Manchester English
Abstract This paper reports on patterns of sociolinguistic variation and change in Manchester's goose and goat vowels on the basis of the acoustic analysis of 122 speakers, stratified by age, gender,Expand
Cross-generational vowel change in American English
This study examines cross-generational changes in the vowel systems in central Ohio, southeastern Wisconsin, and western North Carolina. Speech samples from 239 speakers, males and females, wereExpand
...
1
2
3
4
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 62 REFERENCES
Fundamental problems in comparative phonetics and phonology. Does UPSID help to solve them
TLDR
The approach to phonological comparison adopted in UPSID as well as other studies fails to recognize the abstract nature of even the most phonetically based definition of a phonemic system, and the need for a more complex demarcation of three levels of phonetic and phonology comparison requiring different types and quantities of information is argued. Expand
Descriptive adequacy in phonology: A variationist perspective
This paper offers a variationist critique of aspects of phonological theory and method, focusing on advances in descriptive methods and highlighting the problems that need to be addressed inExpand
Major trends in vowel system inventories
The search for universal tendencies in the languages of the world is a necessary anchor point for any theoretical approach to phonetics. The present typology of vowel systems aims to provide materialExpand
Dynamic and Target Theories of Vowel Classification: Evidence from Monophthongs and Diphthongs in Australian English
TLDR
The experiments reported in this paper seek both to test the extent to which vowel recognition depends on dynamic information, and to identify the nature of the dynamic cues on which such recognition might depend. Expand
An acoustic comparison between New Zealand and Australian English vowels
TLDR
This study presents an acoustic comparison between New Zealand English (NZE) and Australian English (AE) citation‐form monophthongs and diphthongs, and finds the major differences are the centralizing and lowering of NZE HID and HOOD, and the raising of the NZE front and high vowels. Expand
SYSTEM-SHAPE AND THE ETERNAL RETURN: FRONT ROUNDED VOWELS IN ENGLISH
Wells stiggests (608) that if we consider the NURSE vowel to be phonologically /0 :/, NZE apparently 'contradicts the supposed phonological universal that if a language has only one front roundedExpand
Studies In The Pronunciation Of English: A Commemorative Volume In Honour Of A. C. Gimson
Section I: Prosody 1. Tone in English: Discoursal or Attitudinal? The Case of Falling Tags Alan Cruttenden 2. The Compound Fall-rise: The Case For and Against Charles Gussenhoven 3. IntonationExpand
Dialect Levelling: A Two-dimensional Process
Processes of dialect levelling reduce the linguistic 'autonomy' of individual dialects by leading to their structural convergence with related varieties. This contribution presents research intoExpand
The discriminability of nearly merged sounds
In a near merger, speakers produce two contrasting words differently without being able to reliably discern the contrast in their own speech or in the speech of others. Acoustic measurementsExpand
Real English: The Grammar of English Dialects in the British Isles
Editors' preface. Acknowledgements. Part 1: Dialect 'n Education. Chapter 1. Syntactic variation in non-standard dialects: Background issues. Chapter 2. Sociolinguistics in the classroom: ExploringExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...