Phoneme-to-viseme Mapping for Visual Speech Recognition

  title={Phoneme-to-viseme Mapping for Visual Speech Recognition},
  author={Luca Cappelletta and Naomi Harte},
Phonemes are the standard modelling unit in HMM-based continuous speech recognition systems. Visemes are the equivalent unit in the visual domain, but there is less agreement on precisely what visemes are, or how many to model on the visual side in audio-visual speech recognition systems. This paper compares the use of 5 viseme maps in a continuous speech recognition task. The focus of the study is visual-only recognition to examine the choice of viseme map. All the maps are based on the… CONTINUE READING
Highly Cited
This paper has 48 citations. REVIEW CITATIONS
28 Citations
19 References
Similar Papers


Publications citing this paper.
Showing 1-10 of 28 extracted citations


Publications referenced by this paper.
Showing 1-10 of 19 references

Biometric Person Recognition: Face, Speech and Fusion

  • Sanderson
  • VDM-Verlag.
  • 2008
Highly Influential
4 Excerpts

Speechreading (Lipreading)

  • Jeffers, Barley
  • Charles C Thomas Pub Ltd.
  • 1971
Highly Influential
3 Excerpts

Similar Papers

Loading similar papers…