Philosophy of Biology

  title={Philosophy of Biology},
  author={Jay Odenbaugh and Paul E. Griffiths},
General Preface (D. Gabbay, P. Thagard and J. Woods) Contents Preface (Mohan Matthen and Christopher Stephens) List of Contributors I. Biography Darwin (Michael Ruse) Sir Ronald Aylmer Fisher (Robert A. Skipper, Jr) Haldane and the Emergence of Modern Evolutionary Theory (Sahotra. Sarkar) Sewall Wright (James F. Crow) Motoo Kimura (James F. Crow) II. Evolution Natural Selection (Christopher Stephens) Neutralism (Anya Plutynski) Levels of Selection (Robert A. Wilson) What is Evolvability (Kim… 

Rethinking Woodger’s Legacy in the Philosophy of Biology

It is argued that Woodger’s ideas have exerted an important influence on biology and philosophy, and it is submitted that the current consensus on his legacy stems from a highly selective reading of his works.

Rethinking Woodger’s Legacy in the Philosophy of Biology

The writings of Joseph Henry Woodger (1894–1981) are often taken to exemplify everything that was wrongheaded, misguided, and just plain wrong with early twentieth-century philosophy of biology. Over

On Probability and Systematics 1. Introduction

  • Philosophy
Within the field of phylogenetic systematics, an ongoing debate has revolved around the appropriate choice of methodology for cladistic analysis, i.e., the construction of phylogenetic trees and

Debates in Philosophy of Biology: One Long Argument, or Many?

An unsystematic survey of syllabi from a range of UK and US universities posted online reveals that the popular texts for introductory courses to the philosophy of biology are those by Kim Sterelny

2 Evolutionary Theory in Philosophical Focus

The philosophical problems raised by the two Darwinian claims of the existence of Tree of Life and the explanatory power of natural selection are surveyed, and consequences are drawn about the difficulty of explanations to fit a nomological model of explanation, and the irreducibility of their historic‐narrative dimension.

On the hodological criterion for homology

It is argued that neural connectivity, i.e., the hodological criterion, should prevail in the determination of homologies between brain supra-cellular structures, such as the vertebrate pallium, because there cannot be an absolute homology criterion and instead, homology should be inferred from comparisons at the levels and developmental stages where the delimitation of the compared trait lies.

William D. Hamilton’s Brazilian lectures and his unpublished model regarding Wynne-Edwards’s idea of natural selection. With a note on ‘pluralism’ and different philosophical approaches to evolution

  • Emanuele Coco
  • Economics
    History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
  • 2016
In 1975, the English evolutionist William Donald Hamilton (1936–2000) held in Brazil a series of lectures entitled “Population genetics and social behaviour”. The unpublished notes of these

Contingency and convergence in the theory of evolution: Stephen Jay Gould vs. Simon Conway Morris

  • A. Jeftić
  • Philosophy
    Belgrade Philosophical Annual
  • 2022
Debating the interpretation of the Burgess Shale fossil records, Stephen Jay Gould and Simon Conway Morris have formulated two conflicting theses regarding the nature of evolutionary processes. While

Exemplarising the origin of a science: a path to genetics (from Mendel to Bateson)

This thesis aims to propose and defend a new way of analysing and understanding the origin of genetics (from Mendel to Bateson). Traditionally philosophers used to analyse the history of genetics in



The Cambridge Companion to the Philosophy of Biology

The moral grammar of narratives in history of biology: the case of Haeckel and Nazi biology Robert J. Richards is examined.

Species: New Interdisciplinary Essays

This book differs from other recent collections in two ways: it is more explicitly integrative and analytical, centering on issues of general significance such as pluralism and realism about species, and draws on a broader range of disciplines.

Keywords in evolutionary biology

This paper presents a meta-review of the literature on natural selection, focusing on the work of Evelyn Fox Keller and Elisabeth A. Lloyd, who documented the development of natural selection techniques in the context of evolutionary psychology.

Conceptual issues in evolutionary biology

These essays by leading scientists and philosophers address conceptual issues that arise in the theory and practice of evolutionary biology by offering one essay by two founders of the field and another that questions its main tenets.

The Concept of the Gene in Development and Evolution

This book presents a unified view of the gene, or how to overcome reductionism, from the perspective of molecular biology.

Are Species Really Individuals

Griselin's argument is argued that species as chunks of the genealogical nexus are individuals, not classes of similar things, and that their names are proper names to be defined ostensively in a manner analogous to a christening.

Genes, Organisms, Populations: Controversies Over the Units of Selection

This anthology collects some of the most important papers on what is believed to be the major force in evolution, natural selection, and draws together material from the biological and philosophical literatures.

Molecular Models of Life: Philosophical Papers on Molecular Biology

In this landmark collection of essays, Sahotra Sarkar broadens the scope of current discussions of the philosophy of biology, viewing molecular biology as a unifying perspective on life that complements that of evolutionary biology.

Reductionistic Research Strategies and Their Biases in the Units of Selection Controversy

Butler’s satiric comment encapsulates the reductionistic spirit that made Darwinism objectionable to many in his own day, but has fared ever better as a prophetic characterization of the explanatory

A Radical Solution to the Species Problem

Hull (1974) has lately endorsed the idea that, from the point of view of evolutionary theory, biological species and monophyletic taxa are individuals, and Mayr (1969a), while not going so far, strongly emphasizes the point that species are more than just nominal classes.