Philosophy enters the optics laboratory: Bell's theorem and its first experimental tests (1965–1982)

@article{Freire2006PhilosophyET,
  title={Philosophy enters the optics laboratory: Bell's theorem and its first experimental tests (1965–1982)},
  author={Olival Jr. Freire},
  journal={Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics},
  year={2006},
  volume={37},
  pages={577-616}
}
  • O. Freire
  • Published 2006
  • Physics
  • Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics
Abstract This paper deals with the ways that the issue of completing quantum mechanics was brought into laboratories and became a topic in mainstream quantum optics. It focuses on the period between 1965, when Bell published what we now call Bell's theorem, and 1982, when Aspect published the results of his experiments. Discussing some of those past contexts and practices, I show that factors in addition to theoretical innovations, experiments, and techniques were necessary for the flourishing… Expand
Quantum dissidents: Research on the foundations of quantum theory circa 1970
Abstract This paper makes a collective biographical profile of a sample of physicists who were protagonists in the research on the foundations of quantum physics circa 1970. We study the cases ofExpand
The origins of the research on the foundations of quantum mechanics (and other critical activities) in italy during the 1970s
We present a reconstruction of the studies on the Foundations of Quantum Mechanics (FQM) carried out in Italy at the turn of the 1960s. Actually, they preceded the revival of the interest of theExpand
Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics
Decoherence is like capitalism. Its proponents regard it as obvious, given human nature, and its success seems overwhelming. Competitors largely belong to the past, or get the impression they do.Expand
Meeting the Challenge: Quantum Physics in Introductory Physics Courses
Teaching quantum theory is a legendary difficult task, not only due to its weirdness, but also because it is philosophically sensitive. Examples from the history and philosophy of science show thatExpand
Tackling Loopholes in Experimental Tests of Bell's Inequality
Bell's inequality sets a strict threshold for how strongly correlated the outcomes of measurements on two or more particles can be, if the outcomes of each measurement are independent of actionsExpand
The Theory of the Hidden Variable behind: The Quantization of Duality
Modern knowledge in physics is in need of new ideas in order to find answers to questions about the origins of matter, waveparticle duality, time, the Big Bang, black hole singularity, and evolution.Expand
Device Physics vis‐à‐vis Fundamental Physics in Cold War America
TLDR
This essay examines one such physicist, Marlan O. Scully, with attention to both his extensive foundational studies and the way in which his applied and basic researches played off each other. Expand
“From the Streets into Academia”: Political Activism and the Reconfiguration of Physics Around 1970
The political and cultural unrest of the late 1960s influenced the debate on quantum physics by helping those who wanted to push research on foundations from the margins to mainstream physics. TheExpand
Explorações filosóficas da não-localidade em física quântica: desdobramentos do argumento de EPR
GODOY, W. Philosophical Explorations of Non-Locality in Quantum Physics: Developments of the EPR Argument. 2018. Dissertation (Master’s) – Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas,Expand
Contextualização histórica dos conceitos de emaranhamento quântico e não-localidade
This article brings reflections about the use of History and Philosophy of Science to assist the learning of Quantum Mechanics, focusing on the concepts of quantum entanglement and nonlocality, forExpand
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 152 REFERENCES
Early History of Bell’s Theorem
Bell’s Theorem is one of the most profound results in physics of the twentieth century. Not only does it have a significant impact on natural philosophy and on the true meaning of quantum mechanics,Expand
The Historical Roots of ‘‘Foundations of Quantum Physics’’ as a Field of Research (1950–1970)
The rising interest, in the late 20th century, in the foundations of quantum physics, a subject in which Franco Selleri has excelled, has suggested the fair question: how did it become so? TheExpand
The Chimerical Cat: Philosophy of Quantum Mechanics in Historical Perspective
The establishment of the Heisenberg-Schrodinger quantum mechanics in 1926 was undoubtedly the most important event m the history of twentieth-century science - for science itself, even if not forExpand
Orthodoxy and Heterodoxy in the Research on the Foundations of Quantum Physics: E.P. Wigner's Case #
Dealing with Eugene Wigner’s ideas on the measurement procedure in quantum physics and unearthing the controversy that pitted him against supporters of the interpretation of complementarity, I willExpand
Early History of BELL'S Theorem Theory and Experiment
Before 1980 it was unfashionable for a physicist to admit that he either did not understand and/or doubted the Truth and/or Orthodoxy, of Quantum Mechanics (Oil). Contemporary misdom deemed itExpand
In Appreciation¶The Depth and Breadth of John Bell's Physics
Abstract. This essay surveys the work of John Stewart Bell, one of the great physicists of the twentieth century. Section 1 is a brief biography, tracing his career from working-class origins andExpand
On the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Paradox
Abstract Central to the EPR paradox is a ‘thought experiment’ in which two spins are initially coupled to a state with S  = 0 and are then separated to a large distance, at which they can beExpand
Proposed experiment to test the nonseparability of quantum mechanics
As a criterion between quantum mechanics and local hidden-variable theories, the so-called Einstein--Podolsky--Rosen paradox is mainly tested in the form of the statistical correlation betweenExpand
Bell's theorem. Experimental tests and implications
Bell's theorem represents a significant advance in understanding the conceptual foundations of quantum mechanics. The theorem shows that essentially all local theories of natural phenomena that areExpand
Atomic Physics Tests of the Basic Concepts in Quantum Mechanics
Publisher Summary Quantum mechanics is the theory used to describe microscopic systems such as atoms, molecules, and elementary particles. It grew early in this century from a synthesis of Planck'sExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...