Phenylketonuria in Costa Rica: preliminary spectrum of PAH mutations and their associations with highly polymorphic haplotypes.

Abstract

A preliminary evaluation of the molecular basis of phenylketonuria (PKU) in Costa Rica was made by performing mutational analyses in the six PKU families identified to date. These studies revealed the presence of the previously reported European mutations IVS1nt5, L48S, E221G and IVS12ntl as well as the novel mutation IVS7nt3. The combined use of the STR, VNTR and XmnI polymorphic systems for the PAH gene resulted in a discriminant distribution of haplotypes among normal and mutant chromosomes and suggests its potential usefulness for future diagnostic applications in Costa Rican PKU kindreds. This is the first report of a genetic analysis in a Central American PKU population.

Cite this paper

@article{Santos1996PhenylketonuriaIC, title={Phenylketonuria in Costa Rica: preliminary spectrum of PAH mutations and their associations with highly polymorphic haplotypes.}, author={Malena Santos and A I Kuzmin and R. C. Eisensmith and Alexei A. Goltsov and Savio L-Y Woo and Ramiro Barrantes and Carlos de C{\'e}spedes}, journal={Human heredity}, year={1996}, volume={46 3}, pages={128-31} }