Phenotypic selection in natural populations: what limits directional selection?

  title={Phenotypic selection in natural populations: what limits directional selection?},
  author={Joel G Kingsolver and Sarah E Diamond},
  journal={The American naturalist},
  volume={177 3},
Studies of phenotypic selection document directional selection in many natural populations. What factors reduce total directional selection and the cumulative evolutionary responses to selection? We combine two data sets for phenotypic selection, representing more than 4,600 distinct estimates of selection from 143 studies, to evaluate the potential roles of fitness trade-offs, indirect (correlated) selection, temporally varying selection, and stabilizing selection for reducing net directional… CONTINUE READING
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