Phenotypes and biomarkers of diabetic retinopathy.

  title={Phenotypes and biomarkers of diabetic retinopathy.},
  author={Jos{\'e} G. Cunha-vaz and Luisa Ribeiro and Conceiç{\~a}o Lobo},
  journal={Progress in retinal and eye research},
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) remains a major cause of blindness as the prevalence of diabetes is expected to approximately double globally between 2000 and 2030. DR progresses over time at different rates in different individuals with only a limited number developing significant vision loss due to the two major vision-threatening complications, clinically significant macular edema and proliferative retinopathy. Good metabolic control is important to prevent and delay progression, but whereas some… CONTINUE READING
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