Phenotype–environment matching in sand fleas

  title={Phenotype–environment matching in sand fleas},
  author={Martin Stevens and Annette Cameron Broderick and Brendan J Godley and Alice E. Lown and Jolyon Troscianko and Nicola L Weber and Sam Weber},
  booktitle={Biology letters},
Camouflage is perhaps the most widespread anti-predator strategy in nature, found in numerous animal groups. A long-standing prediction is that individuals should have camouflage tuned to the visual backgrounds where they live. However, while several studies have demonstrated phenotype-environment associations, few have directly shown that this confers an improvement in camouflage, particularly with respect to predator vision. Here, we show that an intertidal crustacean, the sand flea (Hippa… CONTINUE READING
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