Phenolic xenoestrogens in surface water, sediments, and sewage sludge from Baden-Württemberg, south-west Germany.

@article{Bolz2001PhenolicXI,
  title={Phenolic xenoestrogens in surface water, sediments, and sewage sludge from Baden-W{\"u}rttemberg, south-west Germany.},
  author={Ulrike Bolz and Hanspaul Hagenmaier and Wolfgang Koerner},
  journal={Environmental pollution},
  year={2001},
  volume={115 2},
  pages={291-301}
}
Nine structurally different phenolic chemicals, which have been reported to mimic estrogen effects, were determined in various aquatic environmental compartments. Twenty-three water samples from five streams and rivers showed levels up to 458 ng/l for 4-nonylphenol (4NP), 189 ng/l for 4-t-octylphenol (4tOP), 272 ng/l for bisphenol A (BPA) and 47 ng/l for 2-hydroxybiphenyl (2OHBiP). Elevated levels of these compounds in a stream with a high load of effluents of sewage treatment plants (STPs… CONTINUE READING

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