Phase stabilities at a glance: stability diagrams of nickel dipnictides.


In the course of the recent advances in chemical structure prediction, a straightforward type of diagram to evaluate phase stabilities is presented based on an expedient example. Crystal structures and energetic stabilities of dipnictides NiPn2 (Pn = N, P, As, Sb, Bi) are systematically investigated by first principles calculations within the framework of density functional theory using the generalized gradient approximation to treat exchange and correlation. These dipnictides show remarkable polymorphism that is not yet understood systematically and offers room for the discovery of new phases. Relationships between the concerned structures including the marcasite, the pyrite, the arsenopyrite/CoSb2, and the NiAs2 types are highlighted by means of common structural fragments. Electronic stabilities of experimentally known and related AB2 structure types are presented graphically in so-called stability diagrams. Additionally, competing binary phases are taken into consideration in the diagrams to evaluate the stabilities of the title compounds with respect to decomposition. The main purpose of the stability diagrams is the introduction of an image that enables the estimation of phase stabilities at a single glance. Beyond that, some of the energetically favored structure types can be identified as potential new phases.

DOI: 10.1063/1.4832698

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@article{Bachhuber2013PhaseSA, title={Phase stabilities at a glance: stability diagrams of nickel dipnictides.}, author={Frederik Bachhuber and Jan Rothballer and Tilo S{\"{o}hnel and Richard Weihrich}, journal={The Journal of chemical physics}, year={2013}, volume={139 21}, pages={214705} }