High-precision microscopic phase imaging without phase unwrapping
A rapid algorithm for phase and amplitude reconstruction from a single spatial-carrier interferogram is proposed by bringing a phase-shifting mechanism into reconstruction of a carrier-frequency interferogram. The algorithm reconstructs phase through directly obtaining and integrating its real-value derivatives, avoiding a phase unwrapping process. The proposed method is rapid and easy to implement and is made insensitive to the profile of the interferogram boundaries by choosing a suitable integrating path. Moreover, the algorithm can also be used to reconstruct the amplitude of the object wave expediently without retrieving the phase profile in advance. The feasibility of this algorithm is demonstrated by both numerical simulation and experiment.