CDX2-driven leukemogenesis involves KLF4 repression and deregulated PPARγ signaling.
Introduction This phase I, multicenter, open-label, single-arm, dose-escalation study evaluated the safety, pharmacokinetics and antitumor activity of APTO-253, an inducer of the transcription factor KLF4, in adults with advanced solid tumors. Methods APTO-253 was administered IV on days 1 and 2, and 15 and 16 of each 28 day cycle; the dose were escalated from 20 to 387 mg/m2 in 9 cohorts until DLT was observed. Results Thirty-two patients were treated on this trial (50 % colon cancer, 22 % other gastrointenstinal malignancies and 18 % non-small cell lung cancer). Fatigue was the only drug-related treatment-emergent adverse event to occur in >10 % of patients. Dose-limiting toxicities of hypersensitivity reaction and transient hypotension despite prophylaxis occurred at 387 mg/m2 which led to identification of 298 mg/m2 as the MTD. Only 1 patient had any drug-related treatment-emergent grade 3 adverse event at or below 229 mg/m2. A total of 21 patients underwent at least one restaging after 2 cycles; 11 patients discontinued prior to the end of cycle 2 due to adverse events (9) or disease progression (2). The best overall response was stable disease (SD) in 5 of these 21 (23.8 %) with durations ranging from 3.6 to 8.4 months. Conclusion APTO-253 was well tolerated at the Phase 2 recommended dose and produced evidence of antitumor activity in the form of stable disease in patients with advanced solid tumors. Based on the drug levels achieved and the lower frequency of treatment-emergent adverse events encountered, 229 mg/m2 was selected as the recommended Phase 2 dose. Overall APTO-253 was found to be well tolerated and to have favorable pharmacokinetics, and treatment was associated with stable disease in 5 of 21 (24 %) of patients with far advanced solid tumors.