Pharmacophysiology of bone and spinal fusion.

Abstract

BACKGROUND CONTEXT In recent years, the number of complex spinal surgeries has increased significantly in the elderly population, where the prevalence of low bone density is highest. Consequently, spine surgeons often treat osteoporotic patients who are associated with higher rates of instrumentation failure. Therefore, establishing a successful fusion… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.spinee.2013.06.005

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Cite this paper

@article{Kalb2013PharmacophysiologyOB, title={Pharmacophysiology of bone and spinal fusion.}, author={Samuel Kalb and Mark A Mahan and Ali M. Elhadi and Alexander B Dru and Justin R Eales and Marcelo Montebello Lemos and Nicholas Theodore}, journal={The spine journal : official journal of the North American Spine Society}, year={2013}, volume={13 10}, pages={1359-69} }