Pharmacology and phytochemistry of the Nitraria genus (Review).

  title={Pharmacology and phytochemistry of the Nitraria genus (Review).},
  author={Qiao-Hui Du and Hailiang Xin and Cheng Peng},
  journal={Molecular medicine reports},
  volume={11 1},
Plants from the Nitraria genus, members of the Zygophyllaceae family, grow naturally in Europe, Africa, Australia and the central Asian desert. Previous pharmacological research has provided evidence that members of the Nitraria genus have numerous beneficial effects. In the present review, the pharmacological and phytochemical studies of Nitraria were presented and assessed. The review was written using information published between 1968 and 2013 from a number of reliable sources, including… Expand
Isolation and identification of antioxidant and α-glucosidase inhibitory compounds from fruit juice of Nitraria tangutorum.
The phytochemical research on the fruit juice of N. tangutorum led to the isolation of twenty-six compounds including five new compounds, tangutorids A-D (1, 2, 3a, and 3b), and (3E,5E)-7-O-β-glucosyl-4-(2-methoxy-2-oxoethyl)hepta-3,5-dienoic acid (15). Expand
Possibilities of using the HPLC method in the taxonomy of the genus Nitraria (Nitrariaceae)
The paper shows composition and content of phenolic compounds in leaves of 4 Nitraria L. species from 58 populations of Russia, Kazakhstan, and Tajikistan studied with high-performance liquidExpand
Comprehensive characterisation of phenolics from Nitraria sibirica leaf extracts by UHPLC-quadrupole-orbitrap- MS and evaluation of their anti-hypertensive activity.
A new understanding is offered of the antihypertensive properties of N. sibirica leaves, by which inhibit oxidative stress-induced endothelial dysfunction and improve lipid profiles. Expand
Structural characterization of water-soluble polysaccharides from Nitraria retusa fruits and their antioxidant and hypolipidemic activities.
In vivo NRFP reduced the hyperlipidemia, hepatotoxicity, cardiovascular and coronary diseases induced by Triton X-100 and proved protective effects on H2O2 induced hemolysis. Expand
Novel Antioxidant, Anti-α-Amylase, Anti-Inflammatory and Antinociceptive Water-Soluble Polysaccharides from the Aerial Part of Nitraria retusa
Water-soluble polysaccharides extracted from Nitraria retusa leaves revealed interesting anti-edematous effects and antinociceptive activities (both > 70%). Expand
Phenolic glycosides from Nitraria sibirica leaves and their in vitro biological activities
Nineteen phenolic glycosides were isolated from the Nitraria sibirica for the first time and presented strong inhibitory capacities against Candida albicans and strong antioxidant activity in bioactivity assays. Expand
Natural medicines for the treatment of fatigue: Bioactive components, pharmacology, and mechanisms.
It is a common phenomenon that people are in a sub-health condition and facing "unexplained fatigue", which seriously affects their health, work efficiency and quality of life. Meanwhile, fatigue isExpand
The Full-Length Transcriptome Sequencing and Identification of Na+/H+ Antiporter Genes in Halophyte Nitraria tangutorum Bobrov
The results indicate that the full-length transcriptome of N. tangutorum can be used as a database and be utilized in elucidating the salt tolerance mechanism of this halophyte and identified the key Na+/H+ antiporter genes that maintain ion balance in plants. Expand
Allometric equations for estimating above-ground biomass of Nitraria sibirica Pall. in Gobi Desert of Mongolia
This study provides reasonable estimates of biomass of N. sibirica, which will be valuable in evaluations of biological resources, especially for quantifying the main summer diet of Gobi bears, and also can be an alternative tool for assessing carbon cycling in Gobi Desert. Expand
Методом высокоэффективной жидкостной хроматографии (ВЭЖХ) исследованы состав и содержание фенольных соединений в листьях 3 видов Nitraria L. (селитрянка) из 12 популяций. Обнаружено 17 соединенийExpand


An approach to the chemosystematics of the zygophyllaceae
Glycosidic patterns elucidated range from mono- to tri-glycosides, five of which are novel in plants, and the importance of those cited in the literature has been surveyed in relation to the chemosystematics of the Zygophyllaceae. Expand
Biological activities of flavonoids from Nitraria retusa (Forssk.) Asch. and their acylated derivatives
Abstract The antioxidant activity and antiproliferative property towards Caco2 cells of water and methanol extracts/fractions of Nitraria retusa were investigated. The total phenolic and flavonoidExpand
Study on chemical constituents of the fruits of Nitraria tangutorum Bobr.
Objective To study the chemical constituents of the fruits of Nitraria tangutorumBobr..Method Isolation and purification were carried out on a macroporous resin column,Sephadex LH-20and HPLC.TheExpand
In vitro antimicrobial activity of extracts from fruits of Nitraria sibirica pall
The results showed that the ethyl acetate,ethanol and chloroform extracts had antibacterial activity against the 3 kinds of bacterium and higher antibacteria activity than others. Expand
Dynamics of the accumulation of the alkaloids ofNitraria sibirica
We have studied the total alkaloids present in various organs of Nitr~ga sibirica Pall. as functions of the vegetation period. Attempts were first made to determine the optimum method of extraction,Expand
Leaf extracts from Nitraria retusa promote cell population growth of human cancer cells by inducing apoptosis
The results indicate that the tested compounds have a significant antiproliferative effect which may be due to their involvement in the induction of the extrinsic apoptosic pathway. Expand
Isorhamnetin 3-O-robinobioside from Nitraria retusa leaves enhance antioxidant and antigenotoxic activity in human chronic myelogenous leukemia cell line K562
The isorhamnetin 3-o-robinobioside and its original extract, the ethyl acetate extract, from Nitraria retusa leaves, have a great antioxidant and antigenotoxic potential on human chronic myelogenous leukemia cell line K562. Expand
Cytotoxic and proliferous effects of Nitraria tangutorum flavone on human A-704 strain cells
NTF has significant cytotoxic effects on human A-704 strain cells and the mechanism may be related to inhibition of cell division,ruction of structure of cell membrane and change of level of microelement. Expand
Study into wild Egyptian plants of potential medicinal activity. Ninth communication: hypoglycaemic activity of some selected plants in normal fasting and alloxanised rats.
The hypoglycaemic effect of S. aegyptiaca in fasting rats has been confirmed also in alloxanised diabetic animals and the importance of conducting both experiments in order to obtain a reliable conclusion is emphasised. Expand
Flavonoids Products from Nitraria retusa Leaves Promote Lymphoblastoid Cells Apoptosis
The results indicate that the original ethyl acetate extract and the I3-O-Rob have a great antiproliferative effect on human lymphoblastoid cells (TK6), which may be due to their involvement in the apoptotic pathway. Expand