Pharmacokinetics of doxycycline in sheep after intravenous and oral administration.

Abstract

The pharmacokinetics of doxycycline were investigated in sheep after oral (PO) and intravenous (IV) administration. The IV data were best described using a 2- (n = 5) or 3- (n = 6) compartmental open model. Mean pharmacokinetic parameters obtained using a 2-compartmental model included a volume of distribution at steady-state (V(ss)) of 1.759+/-0.3149L/kg, a total clearance (Cl) of 3.045+/-0.5264mL/kg/min and an elimination half-life (t(1/2beta)) of 7.027+/-1.128h. Comparative values obtained from the 3-compartmental mean values were: V(ss) of 1.801+/-0.3429L/kg, a Cl of 2.634+/-0.6376mL/kg/min and a t(1/2beta) of 12.11+/-2.060h. Mean residence time (MRT(0-infinity)) was 11.18+/-3.152h. After PO administration, the data were best described by a 2-compartment open model. The pharmacokinetic parameter mean values were: maximum plasma concentration (C(max)), 2.130+/-0.950microg/mL; time to reach C(max) (t(max)), 3.595+/-3.348h, and absorption half-life (t(1)/(2k)(01)), 36.28+/-14.57h. Non-compartmental parameter values were: C(max), 2.182+/-0.9117microg/mL; t(max), 3.432+/-3.307h; F, 35.77+/-10.20%, and mean absorption time (MAT(0-infinity)), 25.55+/-15.27h. These results suggest that PO administration of doxycycline could be useful as an antimicrobial drug in sheep.

DOI: 10.1016/j.tvjl.2008.02.001

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@article{Castro2009PharmacokineticsOD, title={Pharmacokinetics of doxycycline in sheep after intravenous and oral administration.}, author={Luis Jos{\'e} Castro and Ana Maria Sahag{\'u}n and Mar{\'i}a Jos{\'e} Diez and N{\'e}lida Fern{\'a}ndez and Matilde Sierra and Juan Jos{\'e} Garc{\'i}a}, journal={Veterinary journal}, year={2009}, volume={180 3}, pages={389-95} }