The survival and prognosticators of peritoneal cytology-positive gastric cancer patients who received upfront gastrectomy and subsequent S-1 chemotherapy
The response of gastric cancer with peritoneal dissemination to systemic chemotherapy may be negatively affected by poor drug delivery due to the blood-peritoneal barrier. However, S-1 has been reported to be effective. We examined the pharmacokinetics of S-1 in 14 patients who had gastric cancer with peritoneal dissemination. S-1 was given from the morning of the day before surgery to the morning of surgery. Concentrations of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and gimeracil (CDHP) were measured in the serum, ascites, disseminated peritoneal nodes, and normal peritoneum. There was a strong correlation between 5-FU and CDHP concentrations in peritoneal tissues. The concentrations of 5-FU and CDHP in the serum were similar to those in ascites. The concentration of 5-FU was significantly higher in disseminated nodes than in the normal peritoneum. After administration of S-1 to gastric cancer patients with peritoneal dissemination, 5-FU and CDHP in the serum linearly pass through the peritoneum and enter the ascites. High concentrations of 5-FU selectively penetrate disseminated peritoneal cells.